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The major complication in dental implant surgery is loss of sensation due to damage to the inferior alveolar nerve resulting from poor characterization of the location of the mandibular canal and the traveling course of the inferior alveolar nerve, artery, and vein therein. The purposes of this study were to determine the buccolingual location of the(More)
A variation of the trapezius muscle was observed in a Korean female adult cadaver during routine student dissection. The lateral, upper three-fourths of the descending portion of the trapezius muscle were separated from the remainder of the muscle. This single, isolated bundle fused above the insertion of the midpoint of the clavicle, and attached to the(More)
INTRODUCTION To obtain sufficient stability of implants, the thickness of the soft tissue and the cortical bone in the placement site must be considered. However, the literature contains few anatomical studies of orthodontic implants. METHODS To measure soft-tissue and cortical-bone thicknesses, maxillae from 23 Korean cadavers were decalcified, and(More)
Palatal development is one of the critical events in craniofacial morphogenesis. During fusion of the palatal shelves, removal of the midline epithelial seam (MES) is a fundamental process for achieving proper morphogenesis of the palate. The reported mechanisms for removing the MES are the processes of apoptosis, migration or general(More)
Corni Fructus has traditionally been used as herbal medicine for the treatment of tuberculosis, asthma, hepatitis, and chronic nephritis in Korea, Japan, and China. This research was carried out to evaluate the proliferative-inhibitory effect of CF extracts against cancer cells and to identify the new pro-substance from medicinal plants. Among these herbal(More)
The anterolateral thigh flap was originally described in 1984 as a septocutaneous flap based on the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery (LCFA). This flap has many advantages for head and neck reconstruction. However, it is not widely used as a result of the broad range of anatomic variation of the cutaneous perforators and because(More)
OBJECTIVE This study describes the extra- and intramuscular nerve branching of muscles of the ventral compartment of forearm, thereby providing critical information on determining the points for botulinum toxin injections that would be effective at reducing muscular spasticity. DESIGN Twenty-three Korean and French cadavers were dissected and subjected to(More)
The sural nerve (SN) is a sensory nerve supplying the skin of the lateral and posterior parts of the inferior third of the calf and the lateral side of the foot and is easy to harvest because of its location posterior and superior to the tip of the lateral malleolus. Seventy-one lower limbs from 42 Korean cadavers were dissected to describe the joining type(More)
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