Hyun Young Kim

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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by motor neuron loss. Although the underlying cause of the disease remains unclear, a variety of pathogenic mechanisms have been proposed. Despite promising preclinical studies showing the modification of the disease progression, most trials have failed to(More)
Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChE-inhibitors) are used for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Recently, the AChE-inhibitor donepezil was found to have neuroprotective effects. However, the protective mechanisms of donepezil have not yet been clearly identified. We investigated the neuroprotective effects of donepezil and other AChE-inhibitors against(More)
We have investigated the protective effects of Coptidis Rhizoma against peroxynitrite (ONOO(-))-induced oxidative damage and have elucidated the active components of this preparation. In an in-vitro system, Coptidis Rhizoma extract scavenged ONOO(-) and its precursors, nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide anion (O(2)(-)). This scavenging activity was more(More)
Multifactorial pathogenic mechanisms, including inflammation, attenuated survival signals and enhanced death signals, are involved in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Erythropoietin (EPO) has recently been highlighted as a cytokine with various potent neuroprotective effects, including reduction of inflammation, enhancement of survival signals and(More)
The hydroxyl radical (*OH) scavenging and ferrous ion chelating activities of four isoquinoline alkaloids isolated from Coptis chinensis Franch were studied for the identification of their structural characteristics to scavenge *OH. The *OH was generated via Fe(II)-catalazed Fenton reaction in this study and the reliable measurement of *OH scavenging(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis E virus (HEV) has emerged as an important cause of epidemic and sporadic acute viral hepatitis worldwide. This study investigated the seroprevalence of anti-HEV in a Korean population and compared the performance of two commercially available anti-HEV assays. METHODS A total 147 health-check examinees were randomly sampled as matched(More)
Bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) can modify disease progression in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) model. However, there are currently no accurate biological markers for predicting the efficacy of autologous MSC transplants in ALS patients. This open-label, single-arm, investigator-initiated clinical study was designed to identify markers of(More)
OBJECTIVE Intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) is a major cause of ischemic stroke; however it is rather neglected. Vessel wall visualization by high resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HRMRI) might provide more accurate information. METHODS A total of 219 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke underwent MRI, MRA and proton-density weighted(More)
Astragalus Membranaceus (AM) is a useful Korean herb that has been clinically prescribed for stress-related illness. The objective of the present study was to examine the anti-stress effects of AM on repeated stress-induced alterations of anxiety, learning and memory in rats. Restraint stress was administered for 14 days (2h/day) and AM (400mg/kg) given by(More)
The ginsenoside Rk1 is one of major components of heat-processed Panax ginseng C. A. MEYER, Sun Ginseng (SG). Here, we investigated the mechanisms underlying the anti-tumor activity of Rk1 in human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells in vitro. Rk1 markedly inhibited telomerase activity and cell growth along with significant morphological change. The(More)