Learn More
BACKGROUND Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) represents a transitional state between the cognitive changes of normal aging and very early dementia and is becoming increasingly recognized as a risk factor for Alzheimer disease (AD). The Memory Impairment Study (MIS) is a multicenter clinical trial in patients with MCI designed to evaluate whether vitamin E or(More)
Synaptic cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) regulate synapse formation through their trans-synaptic and heterophilic adhesion. Here we show that postsynaptic netrin-G ligand (NGL) CAMs associate with netrin-G CAMs in an isoform-specific manner and, through their cytosolic tail, with the abundant postsynaptic scaffold postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95).(More)
We investigated the characteristic changes in the physiology of cybersickness when subjects were exposed to virtual reality. Sixty-one participants experienced a virtual navigation for a total of 9.5 min, and were required to detect specific virtual objects. Three questionnaires for sickness susceptibility and immersive tendency were obtained before the(More)
Rolling mouse Nagoya (rolling: tg(rol)) is a neurologic mutant mouse exhibiting severe ataxia. Two alleles of the rolling mutation, tottering (tg) and leaner(tg(la)), have been identified as mutations in the voltage-dependent calcium channel alpha1A subunit. No specific light and electron microscopic findings have been reported for the rolling mouse(More)
Stress in adulthood can have a profound effect on physiology and behavior, but the extent to which prolonged maternal stress affects the brain function of offspring when they are adult remains primarily unknown. In the present work, chronic immobilization stress to pregnant mice affected fetal growth and development. When pups born from stressed mice were(More)
BACKGROUND Subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) have been shown to have reduced hippocampal volumes relative to normal elderly control subjects. The presence of the apolipoprotein E epsilon4 (APOE*E4) allele has been associated with greater hippocampal atrophy in women than in men with Alzheimer disease. This relationship has not been demonstrated(More)
In order to investigate whether and how medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) of the rat is involved in processing of information related to fear conditioning, we recorded from single units in the prelimbic and infralimbic cortex of fear-conditioned rats in response to an explicit conditional stimulus (CS; an auditory tone) or contextual cues (conditioning box).(More)
Glucocorticoid (GC) is an adrenal steroid with diverse physiological effects. It undergoes a robust daily oscillation, which has been thought to be driven by the master circadian clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus via the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis. However, we show that the adrenal gland has its own clock and that the(More)
Synaptic cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) are known to play key roles in various aspects of synaptic structures and functions, including early differentiation, maintenance, and plasticity. We herein report the identification of a family of cell adhesion-like molecules termed SALM that interacts with the abundant postsynaptic density (PSD) protein PSD-95.(More)
Morphological changes in spine shapes have been implicated as indications for physiological or pathological status. To investigate the normal distribution ratio of spine shapes of rat Purkinje cells, morphological analysis was conducted using high-voltage electron microscopy following Golgi impregnation. Spines were classified into thin, stubby, mushroom,(More)