Learn More
BACKGROUND In colorectal cancer (CRC), DNA methylation anomalies define distinct subgroups termed CpG island methylator phenotype 1 (CIMP1), CIMP2, and CIMP-negative. The role of this classification in predicting recurrence and disease-free survival (DFS) in resected stage III CRC was evaluated. METHODS Sporadic cancers from 161 patients were analyzed.(More)
Aberrant methylation of promoter CpG islands in cancer is associated with silencing of tumor-suppressor genes, and age-dependent hypermethylation in normal appearing mucosa may be a risk factor for human colon cancer. It is not known whether this age-related DNA methylation phenomenon is specific to human tissues. We performed comprehensive DNA methylation(More)
A study of gene silencing within the mating-type region of fission yeast defines two distinct pathways responsible for the establishment of heterochromatin assembly. One is RNA interference-dependent and acts on centromere-homologous repeats (cenH). The other is a stochastic Swi6 (the fission yeast HP1 homolog)-dependent mechanism that is not fully(More)
2,5-Dimethyl-4-hydroxy-3(2H)-furanone (DMHF), an aroma compound found in a number of fruits and foods, has shown various biological properties in animal models, but its antimicrobial effect remains poorly understood. The current study investigated the antimicrobial effect of DMHF using human pathogenic microorganisms including clinically isolated(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The incidence of colorectal cancer is increasing in Korea, but the epidemiology of colorectal neoplasm is not clearly defined. We aimed to elucidate the prevalence of colorectal neoplasm in average-risk Koreans and explore the underlying risk factors. METHODS A large-scale, multicenter, prospective study was conducted. Of the 19,460(More)
Acrylamide (ACR) is a well-known neurotoxin in mammalian species that causes neuropathy characterized by ataxia and skeletal muscle weakness. Therefore, ACR-mediated axon damage in the central and peripheral nervous systems is considered to be central-peripheral axonopathy. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying ACR's toxicity to neural progenitor(More)
The measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) for the estimation of portal hypertension (PH) in cirrhosis has some limitations, including its invasiveness. Hepatic vein arrival time (HVAT), as assessed by microbubble contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS), is negatively correlated with the histological grade of liver fibrosis because of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Appropriate use of propofol is necessary, and objective monitoring of sedation with propofol may be helpful. Studies on the efficacy of bispectral index (BIS) monitoring in deep sedation have been conducted, but its efficacy in colonoscopy with moderate sedation is unknown. In this study, the efficacy of BIS monitoring during colonoscopy(More)
With primers designed for the conserved region of the gamma-butyrolactone autoregulator receptor proteins from Streptomyces species, PCR using the Streptomyces clavuligerus genome DNA as a template gave a clear band of 100 bp, the sequence of which revealed high similarity to the expected region of a receptor gene. By Southern blot and colony hybridization(More)