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The arthroscopic suture-bridge technique (transosseous equivalent technique) was initially described for increasing the footprint size during arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. We describe a method in which the same principles are used to fix a displaced or comminuted greater tuberosity fracture. The technique involves reducing the displaced fragment with(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the short-term clinical outcomes and compared the component's sizes of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) in Korean Population. MATERIALS AND METHODS We performed an RTSA on 42 patients between December 2007 to February 2010. The mean age at surgery was 72.5 ± 5.6 (10 men, 32 women) and average follow-up period was 24(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is essential for maintaining brain homeostasis and low permeability. BBB maintenance is important in the central nervous system (CNS) because disruption of the BBB may contribute to many brain disorders, including Alzheimer disease and ischemic stroke. The molecular mechanisms of BBB development remain ill-defined, however.(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to delineate how affective symptoms (AS) influence quality of life (QOL) for individuals with drug-refractory epilepsy (DRE) and those with well-controlled epilepsy (WCE) independently. METHODS All subjects participating in the study were asked to complete reliable and validated self-report health questionnaires,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Levetiracetam (LEV) is a new antiepileptic drug that has been found to be effective as an adjunctive therapy for uncontrolled partial seizures. However, the results of several studies suggested that LEV has negative psychotropic effects, including irritability, aggressiveness, suicidality, and mood disorders. We investigated the(More)
The chemotherapeutic agent temozolomide (TMZ) and the anti-angiogenic agent thalidomide (THD) have both demonstrated anti-tumor activity in patients with recurrent malignant glioma. Combination treatment with TMZ and THD in patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) appears to be more effective than treatment with either drug alone. To investigate the(More)
In order to investigate the anti-angiogenic activity of shark TIMP-3 (sTIMP-3) in endothelial cells, angiogenic assays including in vitro invasion assay, migration assay, zymogram assay and tube formation assay were performed. We observed that the overexpression of sTIMP-3 decreased the invasive capacity by about 70%, the migratory activity by about 50% and(More)
Brain microvasculature requires a coordinated interaction between endothelial cells and astrocytes at the gliovascular interface. However, the role of the factors involved in that interaction and expressed by these cells is poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrate that Meteorin is highly expressed in astrocytes of the brain and retina during the(More)
BACKGROUND The clavicle hook plate can be used to treat acromioclavicular and coracoclavicular ligament injury or distal clavicular fracture with comminution. However, the hook plate can induce subacromial impingement, resulting in discomfort from the hardware. METHODS Our inclusion criteria were (1) men and women aged older than 20 years and (2) the(More)
Significant effort has been made in the development of an artificial nose system for various applications. Advances in sensor technology have facilitated the development of high-performance electronic and bioelectronic noses. Numerous articles describe the advantages of artificial nose systems for biomedical applications. Recent advances in the development(More)