Hyun Seok Joo

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HYPOTHESIS Cigarette smoking may potentiate noise-induced hearing loss. BACKGROUND Many epidemiological studies have shown that cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for noise-induced hearing loss. METHODS BALB/c mice were exposed to passive smoking for 2 h/d for 2 weeks before exposure to 110-dB sound pressure level white noise for 3 hours once.(More)
Cryptococcus is an encapsulated, yeast-like fungus that rarely causes infection in immunocompetent patients. We present the case report of a 66-year-old female patient with a history of rectal cancer with an isolated lumbar vertebral cryptococcosis proven by biopsy performed during operation. The patient was not an immunocompromised host and did not have(More)
Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) is a serine proteinase which plays important roles in functional and structural synaptic plasticity, neural migration, as well as excitotoxic injuries in several pathological situations including ischemic stroke, seizure and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). It has been suggested that a divalent cation zinc also plays(More)
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