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HYPOTHESIS Cigarette smoking may potentiate noise-induced hearing loss. BACKGROUND Many epidemiological studies have shown that cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for noise-induced hearing loss. METHODS BALB/c mice were exposed to passive smoking for 2 h/d for 2 weeks before exposure to 110-dB sound pressure level white noise for 3 hours once.(More)
Cryptococcus is an encapsulated, yeast-like fungus that rarely causes infection in immunocompetent patients. We present the case report of a 66-year-old female patient with a history of rectal cancer with an isolated lumbar vertebral cryptococcosis proven by biopsy performed during operation. The patient was not an immunocompromised host and did not have(More)
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