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Plants produce numerous calmodulin isoforms that exhibit differential gene expression patterns and sense different Ca2+ signals. This diversity results in different physiological responses to particular stimuli. Gm-CaM-4 and -5 are two divergent calmodulin isoforms from the soybean (Glycine max) that have been reported to be involved in plant disease(More)
Two hevein-like peptides from the seed of Pharbitis nil, designated Pharbitis nil antimicrobial peptide 1 (Pn-AMP1) and Pn-AMP2, had been purified previously. Both exhibit potent in vitro antifungal activity against a broad spectrum of phytopathogenic fungi. We now report the isolation of two cDNA clones, designated pnAMP-h1 and pnAMP-h2, and the(More)
Plants express numerous calmodulin (CaM) isoforms that exhibit differential activation or inhibition of CaM-dependent enzymes in vitro; however, their specificities toward target enzyme/protein binding are uncertain. A random peptide library displaying a 22-mer peptide on a bacteriophage surface was constructed to screen peptides that specifically bind to(More)
Currently, construction firms are striving to establish an efficient decision-making environment by introducing numerous information technologies, but the existing technology is cumbersome to use in recording and storing data, and requires intricate search skills to weave through massive datasets. Moreover, due to the limitations of the search algorithm(More)
Public order agencies, including the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport (MOLIT), have conducted design deliberation and evaluation in accordance with the relevant laws and regulations to carry out large-scale public construction projects, including design-build and alternative-design contracts as well as technical proposals, such as bidding.(More)
This paper presents a procedure designed for the use of the spatial information in the monthly updated road name/address base map and the constructed road occupancy information in detecting the roads illegally occupied by objects ("RIOOs"). Towards this end, first, the spatial information between the existing road name/address base map and the monthly(More)
The Construction Project Information System (CPIS) is an information system constructed as part of the Construction Continuous Acquisition & Life-cycle Support (CALS) of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport (MOLIT). As such, CPIS aims to digitize construction projects across all stages, improve the construction project implementation(More)
In this paper, the domestic and overseas BIM information model development status are examined to identify the status of BIM utilization, whose application in the civil engineering field is still at the initial stage. Cases of BIM projects ordered by public corporations and authorities responsible for civil engineering projects are also analyzed. In(More)