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The opsin shift, the difference in wavenumber between the absorption peak of a visual pigment and the protonated Schiff base of the chromophore, represents the influence of the opsin binding site on the chromophore. The opsin shift for the chicken cone pigment iodopsin is much larger than that for rhodopsin. To understand the origin of this opsin shift and(More)
Currently, construction firms are striving to establish an efficient decision-making environment by introducing numerous information technologies, but the existing technology is cumbersome to use in recording and storing data, and requires intricate search skills to weave through massive datasets. Moreover, due to the limitations of the search algorithm(More)
Public order agencies, including the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport (MOLIT), have conducted design deliberation and evaluation in accordance with the relevant laws and regulations to carry out large-scale public construction projects, including design-build and alternative-design contracts as well as technical proposals, such as bidding.(More)
Contamination by foodborne pathogens and mycotoxins was examined in 475 eggs and 20 feed samples collected from three egg layer farms, three egg-processing units, and five retail markets in Korea. Microbial contamination with Salmonella species, Escherichia coli, and Arcobacter species was examined by bacterial culture and multiplex polymerase chain(More)
This paper presents a procedure designed for the use of the spatial information in the monthly updated road name/address base map and the constructed road occupancy information in detecting the roads illegally occupied by objects ("RIOOs"). Towards this end, first, the spatial information between the existing road name/address base map and the monthly(More)
The Construction Project Information System (CPIS) is an information system constructed as part of the Construction Continuous Acquisition & Life-cycle Support (CALS) of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport (MOLIT). As such, CPIS aims to digitize construction projects across all stages, improve the construction project implementation(More)
In this paper, the domestic and overseas BIM information model development status are examined to identify the status of BIM utilization, whose application in the civil engineering field is still at the initial stage. Cases of BIM projects ordered by public corporations and authorities responsible for civil engineering projects are also analyzed. In(More)