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We have developed low temperature nonaqueous solution methods as well as low power plasma ashing for the degradation of the organic matrix of bone power which have permitted us to obtain bone crystals essentially free of organic matrix constituents without any significant change in their composition, overall structure, or internal short-range order. We have(More)
Recently, it was reported that 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors increased bone mineral density (BMD) in mice. We studied the effect of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors on BMD of type 2 diabetes mellitus by a retrospective review of medical records. Sixty-nine type 2 diabetic patients were included. The control group (n = 33)(More)
The cloning and characterization of genes expressed in plant disease resistance could be an initial step toward understanding the molecular mechanisms of disease resistance. A metallothionein-like gene that is inducible by tobacco mosaic virus and by wounding was cloned in the process of subtractive cloning of disease resistance-response genes in Nicotiana(More)
We show that radicicol, a fungal antibiotic, produces a marked inhibition of p38 kinase, nuclear factor-kappaB/Rel (NF-kappaB/Rel), and inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) transcription by the macrophage line RAW 264.7 in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Treatment of RAW 264.7 with radicicol inhibited LPS-stimulated p38 kinase phosphorylation in a(More)
RANKL, a member of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily, regulates the differentiation, activation, and survival of osteoclasts through binding to its cognate receptor, RANK. RANK can interact with several TNF-receptor-associated factors (TRAFs) and activates signaling molecules including Akt, NF-kappaB, and MAPKs. Although the transient elevation of(More)
Characterization of the very early calcium phosphate (CaP) crystals deposited in bone or in osteoblast cell cultures has been hampered by the overwhelming presence of organic matrix components and cells that obscure spectral analyses. We have overcome this problem using isolated protein-free crystals and have obtained new data including 31P nuclear magnetic(More)
Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a cytokine secreted primarily by T(H)-17 cells. Although IL-17 is primarily associated with the induction of tissue inflammation, the other biological roles of IL-17, including non-immune functions, have yet to be thoroughly explored. Here, we report that T-cell-produced IL-17 can induce proliferation of human bone marrow-derived(More)
In the present study, the mechanism by which dexamethasone (DEX) inhibited IL-1beta gene expression in bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW 264.7 cells was investigated. The decrease in LPS-induced IL-1beta mRNA expression was demonstrated by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Since the promoter in IL-1beta(More)
Osteoclasts differentiate from precursor cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage and subsequently become activated to be competent for bone resorption through programs primarily governed by receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand in cooperation with macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Proteins prominently expressed at late phases of(More)
Yuk-Hap-Tang (YHT) induces cell death in human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells. Caspase-3, -6 and -9 were markedly activated in HeLa cells treated with YHT. The preferred substrate for caspase-3 cysteine protease, PARP, was cleaved to its 85-kDa cleavage product. YHT increased the amount of the anti-apoptotic protein, Bcl-2, and the pro-apoptotic protein,(More)