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The influence of growth temperature (10, 25, 37, and 42 °C) on the survival of Salmonella Enteritidis in simulated gastric fluid (SGF; pH=2.0) and during heat treatment (54, 56, 58, and 60 °C), on the membrane fatty acid composition, as well as on stress-/virulence-related gene expression was studied. Cells incubated at temperatures lower or higher than 37(More)
Effect of single and dual hydrothermal modifications with annealing (ANN) and heat-moisture treatment (HMT) on molecular structure and physicochemical properties of corn starch was investigated. Normal corn starch was modified by ANN at 70% moisture at 50 degrees C for 24h and HMT at 30% moisture at 120 degrees C for 24h as well as by the combination of ANN(More)
In this study, potato and bean starches were treated by gamma-irradiation up to 50kGy. Molecular structure and physicochemical properties of irradiated potato and bean starches were investigated. Microscopic observation under scanning electron microscope (SEM) and polarized microscope showed that some of potato and bean starch granules were destroyed by(More)
The in vitro digestibility, molecular structure and crystalline structure of waxy rice starches isolated from six Korean cultivars (Shinsun, Dongjin, Baekok, Whasun, Chungbaek, and Bosuk) were investigated. The molecular weight (M(w)) of waxy rice starches ranged from 1.1 × 10(8)g/mol to 2.2 × 10(8)g/mol. Chungbaek waxy rice starch had the highest average(More)
This study was performed to evaluate the effects of Korean propolis against foodborne pathogens and spores of Bacillus cereus and to investigate the antimicrobial activity against B. cereus structure by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The antimicrobial effects of the Korean propolis were tested against foodborne pathogens including Gram-positive (B.(More)
Rice grain metabolites are important for better understanding of the plant physiology of various rice cultivars and thus for developing rice cultivars aimed at providing diverse processed products. However, the variation of global metabolites in rice grains has rarely been explored. Here, we report the identification of intra- or intercellular metabolites(More)
The japonica (JR) and indica (IR) rice starches were modified by acetylation, hydroxypropylation, cross-linking, and dual modification (cross-linked acetylation and cross-linked hydroxypropylation) and the effects of single and dual chemical modifications of JR and WR on the physicochemical properties were investigated. The JR had a greater substitution(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) on the enzyme activities in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (ATCC 16664) and Escherichia coli (ATCC 11229). Enzyme activities before and after HHP treatment were determined using an APIZYME enzyme assay kit. Thirteen active enzymes were detected in S. cerevisiae and E. coli.(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate combinations of high pressure processing (HPP) and Lactobacillus casei antimicrobial activity against Listeria monocytogenes strains with variation in pressure resistance in culture and in a food model. In culture, combination of HPP (350 MPa, for 1-20 min) and Lb. casei cell extract (CE, 32 CEAU/ml) showed a(More)
Flours and isolated starches from three different cultivars (1544-8, 1658-11 and 1760-8) of pea grown under identical environmental conditions were evaluated for their physicochemical properties and in vitro digestibility. The protein content, total starch content and apparent amylose content of pea flour ranged from 24.4 to 26.3%, 48.8 to 50.2%, and 13.9(More)