Hyun Joo Youn

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OBJECTIVE MMP is a key enzyme in the degradation of extracellular matrices, and its expression plays important roles in inflammatory diseases. Cordycepin (3'-deoxyadenosine), a bioactive compound of Cordyceps militaris, has been shown to exhibit many pharmacological activities, such as anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-infection activities. In this(More)
The Lyt-2 aallele of the C.AKR strain of mice (genotype Lyt-2 a, Lyt-3 a) was cloned, and its complete nucleotide sequence as well as that of 2 kb of 5′ flanking DNA was determined. The sequence was comapred with the partial sequence of the Lyt-2 aallele of DBA/2 (genotype Lyt-2 a, Lyt-3 b) and the nearly complete sequence of the B10.CAS2 Lyt-2 ballele(More)
The mouse Lyt-3 agene, which encodes the Lyt-3.1 T-cell surface alloantigen of the C.AKR strain, has been cloned, and the nucleotide sequence of its exons and more than 2 kb of 5′ flanking sequence have been determined. The gene extends over approximately 16 kb of DNA and consists of six exons encoding leader, leader plus V-like domain, membrane-proximal,(More)
The protective effects of common dandelion leaf water extract (DLWE) were investigated by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced hepatitis in Sprague-Dawley rats. The animals were divided into five groups: normal control, DLWE control, CCl4 control, and two DLWE groups (0.5 and 2 g/kg bw). After 1 week of administering corresponding vehicle or DLWE, a single(More)
Apoptotic death of mouse thymocytes in vitro, as induced by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), involves the up-regulation of Fas gene expression, while a carbohydrate fraction, AIP1, from Artemisia iwayomogi suppresses the death of thymocytes in culture along with the down-regulation of Fas gene expression. We have now investigated whether the AIP1(More)
Fusion of mouse CD8+ class I MHC-restricted T cells with the BW5147 thymoma invariably yields CD8- hybridomas in which RNA transcribed from the CD8 alpha (Lyt-2) gene is undetectable. To determine whether cis-acting DNA sequences may negatively regulate transcription of the Lyt-2 gene in BW5147 cells, one possible explanation for the above observation,(More)
A polysaccharide fraction, AIP1, purified from Artemisia iwayomogi was shown to have immunomodulating and anti-tumor activities in mice. In order to determine how the AIP1 fraction exhibits the immunomodulating activity, the effect of the fraction on the apoptosis of mouse spleen cells was investigated. Treatment of the mouse spleen cells with the AIP1(More)
Korean mugwort herb is a preparation of dried leaves from Artemisia species and has been used as a traditional medicine in Asia. An oligosaccharide fraction, AVF3, purified from the preparation promoted survival of the mouse thymocytes in culture. A mouse gene array study suggests that the AVF3 may modulate Fas/FasL dependent apoptotic cell death and thus(More)
In male mice expressing a transgenic alpha beta TCR which recognizes a male antigen (HY), T cells which do not express normal levels of CD8 escape thymic deletion and appear in the periphery. These consist of two distinct populations, one which lacks expression of both CD4 and CD8, and one with low levels of CD8. Neither population has anti-HY reactivity,(More)
In this work, we estimate the inhibitory effect of two polysaccharides from Taraxacum officinale (TOP) on CCl(4)-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in Sprague-Dawley rats. TOP1 and 2 (304, 92 mg/kg bw) were administered for 7 days via a stomach sonde, and hepatitis was induced by a single dose of CCl(4) (50% CCl(4)/olive oil; 0.5 mL/kg bw)(More)