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In this study, we investigated the effect of nZVI on plant root elongation in Arabidopsis thaliana and showed, for the first time, that nZVI enhanced root elongation by inducing OH radical-induced cell wall loosening. Exposure of plants to 0.5 g/L nZVI enhanced root elongation by 150-200% over that in the control, and further mechanistic studies showed that(More)
An approach for the characterization of glycosylation sites and oligosaccharide heterogeneity in glycoproteins based on a combination of nonspecific proteolysis, deglycosylation, and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization Fourier transform mass spectrometry (MALDI-FT MS) is described. Glycoproteins were digested with Pronase yielding primarily(More)
Gangliosides are anionic glycosphingolipids widely distributed in vertebrate tissues and fluids. Their structural and quantitative expression patterns depend on phylogeny and are distinct down to the species level. In milk, gangliosides are exclusively associated with the milk fat globule membrane. They may participate in diverse biological processes but(More)
MOTIVATION The development of better tests to detect cancer in its earliest stages is one of the most sought-after goals in medicine. Especially important are minimally invasive tests that require only blood or urine samples. By profiling oligosaccharides cleaved from glycosylated proteins shed by tumor cells into the blood stream, we hope to determine(More)
The triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) is an immune-modulatory receptor involved in phagocytosis and inflammation. Mutations of Q33X, Y38C and T66M cause Nasu-Hakola disease (NHD) which is characterized by early onset of dementia and bone cysts. A recent, genome-wide association study also revealed that single nucleotide polymorphism(More)
The structural elucidation of oligosaccharides remains a major challenge. Mass spectrometry provides a rapid and convenient method for structural elucidation based on tandem mass spectrometry. Ions commonly are selected and subjected to collision-induced dissociation (CID) to obtain structural information. Unfortunately, N-linked oligosaccharides are(More)
Extensive site-specific glycosylation analysis of individual glycoproteins is difficult due to the nature and complexity of glycosylation in proteins. In protein mixtures, these analyses are even more difficult. We present an approach combining nonspecific protease digestion, nanoflow liquid chromatography, and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) aimed at(More)
Glycomics is the comprehensive study of all glycans expressed in biological systems. The biosynthesis of glycan relies on a number of highly competitive processes involving glycosyl transferases. Glycosylation is therefore highly sensitive to the biochemical environment and has been implicated in many diseases including cancer. Recently, interest in(More)
Glycosylation is highly sensitive to the biochemical environment and has been implicated in many diseases including cancer. Glycan compositional profiling of human serum with mass spectrometry has already identified potential biomarkers for several types of cancer and diseases; however, composition alone does not fully describe glycan stereo- and(More)
Mice are the premier mammalian models for studies of human physiology and disease, bearing extensive biological similarity to humans with far fewer ethical, economic, or logistic complications. To facilitate glycomic studies based on the mouse model, we comprehensively profiled the mouse serum N-glycome using isomer-specific nano-LC/MS and -LC/MS/MS.(More)