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STUDY OBJECTIVE Length of stay is a measure of efficiency of delivery of care and is an important determinant of patient satisfaction in a pediatric emergency department (ED). Although length of stay is affected by many unmodifiable factors, changes in care processes may lead to improvements in throughput. Evaluating the success of such changes, however,(More)
Activation of Janus kinases (JAKs) and Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription (STATs) plays a crucial role in cell survival and proliferation. The JAK/STAT signaling pathway has received a great deal of attention as a therapeutic target for the treatment of cancer. Thus, the identification of a compound that blocks this pathway would contribute(More)
BACKGROUND Carbon dioxide is the preferred insufflating gas for laparoscopy because of greater safety in the event of intravenous embolism, but it causes abdominal and referred pain. Acidification of the peritoneum by carbonic acid may be the major cause of pain from carbon dioxide insufflation. Carbonic anhydrase is an enzyme that increases the rate of(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy of adjunctive subconjunctival antibiotic injection in the treatment of acute postcataract extraction endophthalmitis. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. METHODS Patients who presented with hand motions or better vision and received subconjunctival antibiotics (SC+ group) were compared with those who did not (SC- group)(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a newly appointed neurointensivist on outcomes in head-injured patients in the neurological/neurosurgical intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS The mortality rate, length of stay (LOS), and discharge disposition of all patients with head trauma who had been admitted to a 10-bed tertiary care(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have implicated the relationship between environmental phthalate exposure and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms of childhood, but no studies have been conducted in children who have a confirmed diagnosis of ADHD obtained through meticulous diagnostic testing. We aimed to determine whether phthalate(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of barium radiography compared with intraoperative evaluation with passage of a balloon catheter for assessment of stricturing Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS After institutional review board approval, we retrospectively reviewed a tertiary inflammatory bowel disease center's consecutive(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) vaccine development is hindered by the lack of clear surrogate markers of protective human immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This study evaluated the hypothesis that immune-mediated inhibition of mycobacterial growth would more directly correlate with protective TB immunity than other immunologic responses. Bacille Calmette-Guérin(More)
Cytokines of the interleukin-1 (IL-1) family, such as IL-1α/β and IL-18, have pleiotropic activities in innate and adaptive immune responses in host defense and diseases. Insight into their biological functions helped develop novel therapeutic approaches to treat human inflammatory diseases. IL-33 is an important member of the IL-1 family of cytokines and(More)