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Catalase (CAT) is an important antioxidant enzyme and is crucial in modulating synaptic plasticity in the brain. In this study, CAT expression as well as neuronal distribution was compared in the hippocampus among young, adult and aged mice and rats. Male ICR mice and Sprague Dawley rats were used at postnatal month (PM) 1, PM 6 and PM 24 as the young,(More)
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) provides neuroprotection against subsequent severe ischemic injury by activating specific mechanisms. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that IPC attenuates postischemic neuronal death via heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). Animals used in this study were randomly assigned to 4 groups; sham-operated group, ischemia-operated group,(More)
There is no proven therapy or prevention for vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (vEDS), a genetic disorder associated with the mutation of procollagen type III and characterized by increased fragility of vascular and hollow organ walls. Heterozygous COL3A1-deficient (HT) mice recapitulate a mild presentation of one of the variants of vEDS: haploinsufficiency(More)
The vascular form of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (vEDS), a rare disease with grave complications resulting from rupture of major arteries, is caused by mutations of collagen type III [α1 chain of collagen type III (COL3A1)]. The only, recently proven, preventive strategy consists of the reduction of arterial wall stress by β-adrenergic blockers. The heterozygous(More)
Signaling of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) has been implicated in the development of injury-elicited vascular complications. Soluble RAGE (sRAGE) acts as a decoy of RAGE and has been used to treat pathological vascular conditions in animal models. However, previous studies used a high dose of sRAGE produced in insect Sf9 cells(More)
RAGE is pattern recognizing receptors for diverse endogenous ligands. RAGE activation by RAGE ligands is known to be associated with reactive oxygen species generation, activation of NF kappa B, as well as recruitment of proinflammatory cells. Activated endothelial cells, vascular smooth muscle cells in atherosclerotic plaques and activated inflammatory(More)
BACKGROUND Water dropwort (Oenanthe javanica) as a popular traditional medicine in Asia shows various biological properties including antioxidant activity. In this study, we firstly examined the neuroprotective effect of Oenanthe javanica extract (OJE) in the hippocampal cornus ammonis 1 region (CA1 region) of the gerbil subjected to transient cerebral(More)
It is well known that neurons in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus are resistant to short period of ischemia. Hyperthermia is a proven risk factor for cerebral ischemia and can produce more extensive brain damage related with mortality rates. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of hyperthermic conditioning (H) on neuronal death, gliosis(More)
Inhibitors of DNA-binding/differentiation (ID) proteins bind to basic helix‑loop‑helix (bHLH) transcription factors, including those that regulate differentiation and cell‑cycle progression during development, and regulate gene transcription. However, little is known about the role of ID proteins in the brain under transient cerebral ischemic conditions. In(More)
Longevity variability is a common feature of aging in mammals, but the mechanisms responsible for this remain largely unknown. Using microarray datasets coupled with prediction analysis of microarrays (PAM), we identified a set of 252 cardiac transcripts predictive of relative lifespan in Wistar and Fisher 344 rats. Prediction analysis of microarrays(More)