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The human 5-HT(6) receptor (5-HT(6)R) is one of the latest cloned receptors among the known 5-HT receptors. Its abundant distribution in the limbic region, which participates in the control of mood and emotion and is involved in nervous system diseases such as depression and Alzheimer disease, has caused it to generate much interest. However, the cellular(More)
A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric method was described to detect tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs) in replacement liquids of electronic cigarettes. Solid-phase extraction (SPE) and liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) were compared to each other to select the optimum clean-up method. Under the established condition, the limits of(More)
Calsenilin/DREAM/KChIP3, a neuronal Ca(2+)-binding protein, has multifunctions in nucleus and cytosol. Here, we identified CLN3 as a calsenilin-binding partner whose mutation or deletion is observed in Batten disease. In vitro binding and immunoprecipitation assays show that calsenilin interacts with the C-terminal region of CLN3 and the increase of Ca(2+)(More)
An acidic polysaccharide of Panax ginseng (APG), so called ginsan is known to have important immunomodulatory activities. It was recently reported that APG has radioprotective effects in mice but the detailed mechanism was not fully elucidated. This study examined the effects of APG on bone marrow cells (BMs). The phenotypical and functional changes in(More)
UNLABELLED ETHONOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cortex Mori Radicis (CMR), the root epidermis of Morus alba L., has been traditionally used for cough treatment in Oriental medicine. In the present study, immunological mechanism of CMR in inhibition of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) was investigated in a mouse asthma model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Experimental(More)
Clusterin is a secretory heterodimeric glycoprotein and the overexpression of secretory clusterin (sCLU) promotes cancer cell proliferation and reduces chemosensitivity. Therefore, sCLU might be an effective target for anticancer therapy. In the current study, we identified eIF3f as a novel CLU-interacting protein and demonstrated its novel function as a(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a pro-sclerotic growth factor implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. betaig-h3 is an extracellular matrix protein which is induced in many cells by TGF-beta. This study examined urinary betaig-h3 excretion in diabetic patients with elevated urinary albumin excretion and the clinical application(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia. Gain-of-function mutations in KCNQ1, the pore-forming α-subunit of the slow delayed rectifier K current (I Ks) channel, have been associated with AF. The purpose of this study was functional assessment of a mutation in KCNQ1 identified in a family with persistent AF and sinus bradycardia. We(More)
The proarrhythmic effects of new drugs have been assessed by measuring rapidly activating delayed-rectifier K+ current (IKr) antagonist potency. However, recent data suggest that even drugs thought to be highly specific IKr blockers can be arrhythmogenic via a separate, time-dependent pathway such as late Na+ current augmentation. Here, we report a(More)
Hartnup disorder is caused by an inborn error of neutral amino acid transport in the kidneys and intestines. It is characterized by pellagra-like rash, ataxia, and psychotic behavior. Elevated urinary neutral amino acids are the first indicator of the disorder. SLC6A19 was identified as the causative gene in autosomal-recessive Hartnup disorder, which(More)