Hyun-Jeong Ra

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As their name implies, MMPs were first described as proteases that degrade extracellular matrix proteins, such as collagens, elastin, proteoglycans, and laminins. However, studies of MMP function in vivo have revealed that these proteinases act on a variety of extracellular protein substrates, often to activate latent forms of effector proteins, such as(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases are maintained in an inactive state by a bond between the thiol of a conserved cysteine in the prodomain and a zinc atom in the catalytic domain. Once this bond is disrupted, MMPs become active proteinases and can act on a variety of extracellular protein substrates. In vivo, matrilysin (MMP7) activates pro-alpha-defensins(More)
B7-H4 (VTCN1, B7x, B7s) is a ligand for inhibitory coreceptors on T cells implicated in antigenic tolerization. B7-H4 is expressed by tumor cells and tumor-associated macrophages (TAM), but its potential contributions to tumoral immune escape and therapeutic targeting have been less studied. To interrogate B7-H4 expression on tumor cells, we analyzed fresh(More)
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