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Expression of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP), a neuropeptide with considerable homology to vasoactive intestinal peptide, has been shown to be stimulated by gonadotropins in the ovary. The present studies further evaluated the cell-type specific expression and gonadotropin regulation of PACAP type I receptor (PACAPR) messenger(More)
The proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin (PCSKs), a family of subtilisin-like proteases, is the processing enzymes for the activation of many hormone precursors. The present study was designed to identify the PCSK isoform expressed in the ovary and to examine its expression in gonadotropin-stimulated rat ovary. Northern blot analysis of ovaries obtained(More)
Mer signaling participates in a novel inhibitory pathway in TLR activation. The purpose of the present study was to examine the role of Mer signaling in the down-regulation of TLR4 activation-driven immune responses in mice, i.t.-treated with LPS, using the specific Mer-blocking antibody. At 4 h and 24 h after LPS treatment, expression of Mer protein in(More)
Nanoparticles are widely used in nanomedicines, including for targeted delivery of pharmacological, therapeutic, and diagnostic agents. Since nanoparticles might translocate across cellular barriers from the circulation into targeted organs, it is important to obtain information concerning the pathophysiologic effects of these particles through systemic(More)
It is generally accepted that corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) acts as the main coordinator of the central response to stress. Stress or an abnormal response to stressors has been found to modify the evolution of skin disorders, including psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. Nevertheless, the specific pathogenic role of stress remains unknown in skin(More)
RATIONALE The resolution of pulmonary inflammation seen in various inflammatory lung conditions depends on the clearance of apoptotic cells to prevent permanent tissue damage or progressive disease. Uptake of apoptotic cells by alveolar macrophages is suppressed by oxidants through the activation of Rho signaling. OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that(More)
Apoptotic cell clearance by macrophages and neighbouring tissue cells induces hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) secretion. HGF plays a key role in alveolar epithelial regeneration and reconstruction after lung injury. Direct in vivo exposure to apoptotic cells enhances HGF production, resulting in attenuation of pulmonary injury. We investigated the direct(More)
NGFI-B is an immediate-early gene that encodes an orphan nuclear receptor. In the rat ovary, the preovulatory surge of LH induces NGFI-B expression in granulosa cells of preovulatory follicles, reaching a peak within 1 h and declining to control levels at 6 h. The LH-stimulated NGFI-B expression is abolished by alpha-amanitin, but superinduced by(More)
Purpose: The aim of this study was to test whether human cord serum (HCS) containing gonadotropins has an effect on the expansion ofoocyte—cumulus complexes (OCCs). Methods: The concentration of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) was measured in HCS by radioimmunoassay (RIA). After short-term culture (4 hr) with or without OCCs,(More)
Female mice null for receptor-interacting protein 140 (RIP140) are infertile because of the failure of follicle rupture. The present study examined gonadotropin regulation of RIP140 expression in immature rat ovary. Treatment with PMSG increased ovarian RIP140 mRNA and protein levels. In contrast, hCG treatment rapidly inhibited RIP140 mRNA and protein(More)