Hyun-Chul Shin

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We describe methods for generating artificial transcription factors capable of up- or downregulating the expression of genes whose promoter regions contain the target DNA sequences. To accomplish this, we screened zinc fingers derived from sequences in the human genome and isolated 56 zinc fingers with diverse DNA-binding specificities. We used these zinc(More)
Inhibition of tumor angiogenesis through modulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its signaling pathway has been clinically validated as a viable therapeutic modality in the treatment of cancer. The use of artificial transcription factors based on Cys2-His2 zinc-finger proteins (ZFPs) targeting the VEGF promoter offers a novel strategy(More)
Tat activates transcription by interacting with Sp1, NF-kappaB, positive transcription elongation factor b, and trans-activator-responsive element (TAR). Tat and Sp1 play major roles in transcription by protein-protein interactions at human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1) long terminal repeat. Sp1 activates transcription by interacting with cyclin T1(More)
Proteases play important roles in the development and homeostasis of an organism. These versatile proteins participate in a variety of biological processes. In addition to these functions, the importance of proteases as a key player in cancer progression has been increasingly recognized. Proteolysis by dysregulated proteases is one of the hallmarks of(More)
Gene expression is regulated at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. Therefore, in order to achieve a high level of silencing, which includes minimizing any residual expression of a target gene, suppression at both the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels is required. In this study, we describe a new method for highly efficient(More)
Forests in Gwangneung National Arboretum District (GNAD) have been protected since the 15th century. Consequently, these forests support more than 20% of all plant species in Korea. We constructed vegetation maps for landscape analysis, and forest dynamics, species diversity, and sustainable management were discussed. Secondary forests compose 51.0% of the(More)
Protein transduction (PT) is a method for delivering proteins into mammalian cells. PT is accomplished by linking a small peptide tag--called a PT domain (PTD)--to a protein of interest, which generates a functional fusion protein that can penetrate efficiently into mammalian cells. In order to study the functions of a transcription factor (TF) of interest,(More)
In this study, on evaluating the physiological function and mechanism of putrescine, we found that putrescine supplementation (1 mM) increases transcription of the putrescine aminotransferase gene, ygjG. Putrescine-dependent expression was confirmed by measuring β-galactosidase activity and with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. To understand(More)
IO N Various metal patterning technologies have been developed for organic devices such as the shadow-mask process, laseror lamp-induced forward transfer (LIFT), direct metal transfer, and cold welding. In general, the shadow-mask process is widely used in industry for organic optoelectronic devices, such as organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) or organic(More)