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Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter spp. used to be rare, but are increasingly isolated in Korea. Among 28 isolates of imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter spp. found in a Korean hospital in 1998 and 1999, 14 produced metallo-beta-lactamases. The bla(VIM-2) gene was detected, by PCR, in 11 and two isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii and Acinetobacter(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine mutations within the penA, mtrR, porB, ponA and pilQ genes of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to determine their contribution to cephalosporin resistance. METHODS A total of 46 N. gonorrhoeae isolates with reduced susceptibility to cefixime or ceftriaxone (MICs > or = 0.12 mg/L) and two susceptible isolates were selected. The full sequence of(More)
BACKGROUND Clostridium difficile is a major cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea. The objective of this study was to characterize clinical isolates of C. difficile obtained from various regions in Korea with regard to their toxin status, molecular type, and antimicrobial susceptibility. METHODS We analyzed a total of 408 C. difficile isolates obtained(More)
Novel 16S rRNA methylase-mediated high-level resistance to amikacin and arbekacin has been reported recently in clinical isolates of Gram-negative bacilli only from several countries. We tested amikacin- or arbekacin-nonsusceptible Gram-negative bacilli isolated in 2003 and 2005 at a tertiary-care hospital in Korea by polymerase chain reaction to detect 16S(More)
BACKGROUND The recent emergence and spread of antimicrobial-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae has compromised treatment and control of gonorrhea. We determined recent trends in antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolates, analyzed recent use of antigonococcal agents, and investigated the relationship between fluoroquinolone nonsusceptibility and amino acid(More)
We report a case of CTX-M-55-type extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Shigella sonnei infection in a 27-year-old Korean woman who had traveled to China. The patient was admitted to the hospital due to abdominal pain, watery diarrhea, and fever (39.3℃). S. sonnei was isolated from her stool specimens, and the pathogen was found to be resistant to(More)
Increase in multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter poses a serious problem in Korea. In this study, 190 imipenem (IPM)-nonsusceptible (NS) Acinetobacter isolates from 12 Korean hospitals in 2007 were used to determine species, prevalence, and antimicrobial susceptibility of OXA carbapenemase- and metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-producing isolates. bla(OXA)-₂₃-like and(More)
In this study, we investigated the risk factors for and carbapenem resistance mechanisms of extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (XDR-AB). Isolates of XDR-AB were collected from seven tertiary care hospitals in South Korea. A case-control study for risk factor analysis was performed and the presence of the metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) and OXA(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the epidemiological traits of Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates producing metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) in Korea. METHODS A total of 386 non-duplicate P. aeruginosa clinical isolates were collected from Korea in 2009. Detection of MBL genes was performed by PCR. The genetic organization of class 1 integrons carrying the MBL(More)
This study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of CTX-M-type extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) in nonduplicate Escherichia coli (n=760) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (n=379) bloodstream isolates collected during January 2005 to October 2007 at a university hospital (2000 beds) in Seoul, Korea. Antimicrobial susceptibilities were(More)