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Gukulenins A (1) and B (2), both having an unprecedented skeleton with a bis-tropolone moiety, were isolated from the Korean marine sponge Phorbas gukulensis. They exhibited significant cytotoxicity against human pharynx, stomach, colon, and renal cancer cell lines in the range 0.05-0.80 microM.
Honaucins A-C were isolated from the cyanobacterium Leptolyngbya crossbyana which was found overgrowing corals on the Hawaiian coast. Honaucin A consists of (S)-3-hydroxy-γ-butyrolactone and 4-chlorocrotonic acid, which are connected via an ester linkage. Honaucin A and its two natural analogs exhibit potent inhibition of both bioluminescence, a(More)
Three novel scalarane sesterterpenes were isolated from a Korean marine sponge, Psammocinia sp., along with four known derivatives. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of NMR, MS and IR spectroscopic data. The three new compounds are 12-deacetoxy-23-hydroxyscalaradial (1), 12-dehydroxy-23-hydroxyhyrtiolide (2) and(More)
The filamentous cyanobacterial genus Moorea gen. nov., described here under the provisions of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, is a cosmopolitan pan-tropical group abundant in the marine benthos. Members of the genus Moorea are photosynthetic (containing phycocyanin, phycoerythrin, allophycocyanin and chlorophyll a), but non-diazotrophic(More)
Continuous increases in the incidence of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and brain stroke demand the urgent development of therapeutics. Marine organisms are well-known producers of natural products with diverse structures and pharmacological activities. Therefore, researchers have endeavored to(More)
Heterologous expression of the barbamide biosynthetic gene cluster, obtained from the marine cyanobacterium Moorea producens, in the terrestrial actinobacterium Streptomyces venezuelae, resulted in the production of a new barbamide congener 4-O-demethylbarbamide, demonstrating the potential of this approach for investigating the assembly and tailoring of(More)
Two related peptide metabolites, one a cyclic depsipeptide, hoiamide B (2), and the other a linear lipopeptide, hoiamide C (3), were isolated from two different collections of marine cyanobacteria obtained in Papua New Guinea. Their structures were elucidated by combining various techniques in spectroscopy, chromatography, and synthetic chemistry. Both(More)
Two unprecedented phosphorus-containing iodinated polyacetylenes, phosphoiodyns A and B (1-2), were isolated from a Korean marine sponge Placospongia sp. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data analysis. Phosphoiodyn A exhibited potent agonistic activity on human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (hPPARδ) with an EC(50) of 23.7(More)
Marine cyanobacteria are prolific producers of bioactive secondary metabolites responsible for harmful algal blooms as well as rich sources of promising biomedical lead compounds. The current study focused on obtaining a clearer understanding of the remarkable chemical richness of the cyanobacterial genus Lyngbya. Specimens of Lyngbya from various(More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of two cyanobacterial extracts from Papua New Guinea has yielded hoiamide D in both its carboxylic acid and conjugate base forms. Hoiamide D is a polyketide synthase (PKS)/non-ribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS)-derived natural product that features two consecutive thiazolines and a thiazole, as well as a modified isoleucine(More)