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BACKGROUND Angiogenesis is a multistep process in which many growth factors and cytokines have an essential role. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent angiogenic agent that acts as a specific mitogen for vascular endothelial cells through specific cell surface receptors. The interleukin-6 (IL-6) pathway is another mechanism linking(More)
BACKGROUND The interleukin-6 (IL-6) pathway is one of the mechanisms that link inflammation and angiogenesis to malignancy. Because the C-reactive protein (CRP) is a representative marker for inflammation, CRP has recently been associated with the progression of disease in many cancer types. The principal objective of this study was to determine the(More)
Homing-associated cell adhesion molecules (H-CAM) on the CD34+ cells play an important role for the engraftment process following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, it seems that not only CD34+ cells but also other nucleated cells (NCs) with H-CAM could be implicated in the engraftment process and the proliferation of hematopoietic(More)
We investigated the localization accuracy of single current dipoles from the tangential components of auditory evoked fields. The tangential fields were measured using planar gradiometers arranged in a way so as to detect two orthogonal field components parallel to a flat plane. Field responses to 1 kHz pure tones were recorded and equivalent current(More)
We carried out an magnetoencephalography (MEG) study to record cortical responses elicited in the left hemisphere by ending verb phrases, which had syntactic or semantic anomalies, in Korean sentences of subject-object-verb order. Using the high temporal and spatial resolution of MEG, the study was aimed at identifying neural activities that occur during a(More)
To validate newly developed methods or implemented software for magnetoencephalography/electroencephalography (MEG/EEG) source localization problems, many researchers have used human skull phantom experiments or artificially constructed forward data sets. Between the two methods, the use of an artificial data set constructed with forward calculation attains(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxia influences tumor growth by inducing angiogenesis and genetic alterations. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha), p53, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are all important factors in the mechanisms inherent to tumor progression. In this work, we have investigated the clinicopathologic significance of HIF-1alpha, p53, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of three-dimensional (3D) scalp EEG source imaging (ESI) in partial epilepsy in comparison with the results of presurgical evaluation, magnetoencephalography (MEG), and electrocorticography (ECoG). METHODS The epilepsy syndrome of 27 partial epilepsy patients was determined by(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, laparoscopic resection for relatively small sized gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) has been widely accepted as minimally invasive surgery. However, no report on the long-term safety and efficacy of this surgery for large sized gastric GISTs has been published to date. METHODS Between July 1998 and January 2011, 104(More)
To study the relationship between the varying degrees of cognitive load and long-range synchronization among neural networks, we utilized a dual-task paradigm combining concurrent word recall working memory tasks and oculomotor tasks that differentially activate the common frontoparietal (FP) network. We hypothesized that each dual-task combination would(More)