Hyoungshin Park

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Carotenoids are essential photoprotective and antioxidant pigments synthesized by all photosynthetic organisms. Most carotenoid biosynthetic enzymes were thought to have evolved independently in bacteria and plants. For example, in bacteria, a single enzyme (CrtI) catalyzes the four desaturations leading from the colorless compound phytoene to the red(More)
The alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii contains cytoplasmic vacuoles that are often filled with a dense granule that is released from the cell by exocytosis. Purified granules contained polyphosphate, complexed with calcium and magnesium, as the predominant inorganic components. Antiserum was raised against the major 70-kDa protein in granules purified from(More)
The major challenge of tissue engineering is directing the cells to establish the physiological structure and function of the tissue being replaced across different hierarchical scales. To engineer myocardium, biophysical regulation of the cells needs to recapitulate multiple signals present in the native heart. We hypothesized that excitation-contraction(More)
Potato genes encoding 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGR) were expressed in response to pathogen, elicitor, and wounding. HMGR catalyzes the rate-limiting step in isoprenoid biosynthesis leading to accumulation of phytoalexins and steroid glycoalkaloids. Wounding caused increases in HMGR mRNA levels. A rapid and transient peak occurred 30(More)
Understanding the principles of biological self-assembly is indispensable for developing efficient strategies to build living tissues and organs. We exploit the self-organizing capacity of cells and tissues to construct functional living structures of prescribed shape. In our technology, multicellular spheroids (bio-ink particles) are placed into(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and three-dimensional (3D) woven poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) scaffolds are promising tools for skeletal tissue engineering. We hypothesized that in vitro culture duration and medium additives can individually and interactively influence the structure, composition, mechanical, and molecular properties of engineered tissues(More)
Microfabricated elastomeric scaffolds with 3D structural patterns are created by semiautomated layer-by-layer assembly of planar polymer sheets with through-pores. The mesoscale interconnected pore architectures governed by the relative alignment of layers are shown to direct cell and muscle-like fiber orientation in both skeletal and cardiac muscle,(More)
Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) may provide a clinical option for rebuilding damaged superficial lamina propria of the vocal fold. We investigated the effects of five hydrogels (hyaluronic acid [HA], collagen, fibrin, and cogels of fibrin-collagen and fibrin-HA) on the differentiation of ASCs, with the long-term goal of establishing the conditions(More)
Hybrid cardiac constructs with mechanical properties suitable for in vitro loading studies and in vivo implantation were constructed from neonatal rat heart cells, fibrin (Fn), and biodegradable knitted fabric (Knit). Initial (2-h) constructs were compared with native heart tissue, studied in vitro with respect to mechanical function (stiffness, ultimate(More)
Electrical stimulation affects the deposition of extracellular matrices and cellular differentiation. Type I collagen is one of the most abundant extracellular matrix proteins; however, not much is known about the effects of electrical stimulation on collagen type I deposition in C2C12 cells. Thus, we studied the effects of electrical voltage and(More)