Hyoung Woo Lee

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BACKGROUND The Korean National Diabetes Program (KNDP) cohort study is performing an ongoing large-scale prospective multicenter investigation to discover the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes in Korean patients. This study was performed to examine the prevalence of chronic complications in patients with type 2 diabetes among those registered in the KNDP(More)
BACKGROUND Ectopic thyroid is a rare entity and can occur at any location in the midline position. A role for the ectopic thyroid in the pathogenesis of hypothyroidism and nongoitrous cretinism has been emphasized. OBJECTIVE To assess the clinical characteristics of an ectopic thyroid by analyzing 49 cases reported in Korea. DESIGN This study was a(More)
AIM/HYPOTHESIS Cluster determinant 36 (CD36), a fatty acid transporter, was reported to have a pivotal role in glucotoxicity-induced beta cell dysfunction. However, little is known about how glucotoxicity influences CD36 expression, and it is unknown whether this action can be counteracted by metformin. In the present study, we showed that metformin(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has been described as an inducible protein that is capable of cytoprotection via radical scavenging and the prevention of apoptosis. Chronic exposure to hyperglycemia can lead to cellular dysfunction that may become irreversible over time, and this process has been termed glucose toxicity. Yet little is known about the relation(More)
BACKGROUND Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is closely correlated with abnormal accumulation of visceral fat, but the role of skeletal muscle remains unclear. The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of skeletal muscle in development of NAFLD. METHODS Among 11,116 subjects (6,242 males), we examined the effects of skeletal muscle mass and(More)
The aim of the study was to assess the association between usual dietary nutrient intake and obesity in Korean type 2 diabetic patients. We examined 2,832 type 2 diabetic patients from the Korean National Diabetes Program cohort who completed dietary assessment and clinical evaluation in this cross-sectional study. In men, higher dietary fiber intake was(More)
Muscle disorders, such as muscular dystrophy, are associated with an increase in oxidative stress. Proposed treatments for muscular dystrophy, some in clinical trials, include gene therapy and muscle cell transplantation. In this study, we investigated the effects of idesolide, isolated from the fruits of Idesia polycarpa, on changes that occur in muscle(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether exposure of pancreatic islets to glucotoxic conditions changes fatty acid translocase cluster determinant 36 (CD36) and examine the role of CD36 on the induction of glucotoxicity. We measured the changes of CD36 and insulin secretion in high glucose (30 mM) exposed INS-1 cells and CD36 suppressed(More)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD), a leading cause of death in patients with diabetes mellitus, has several pathogenic mechanisms that are well established. However, the traditional hypoglycemic agents do not have proven positive effects on macrovascular disease. Novel therapeutic agents target the incretin pathway including the glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1)(More)
The aim of present study is to assess whether if basal insulin, glargine, could improve insulin secretory function of β-cells compared with glimepiride when metformin alone was failed. This was an open-label and multi-center study for 52 weeks in Korean patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes by metformin monotherapy. Subjects were randomized to glargine(More)