Learn More
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), a proinflammatory cytokine, is now emerging as an important modulator of the function of the CNS. Methamphetamine (METH) is a widely abused psychostimulant that causes euphoria, hyperactivity, and drug dependence. High doses of METH cause long-term neurotoxicity in dopaminergic neurons. In this study, we investigated(More)
Oxidative stress resulting from excessive free-radical release is likely implicated in the initiation and progression of epilepsy. Therefore, antioxidant therapies aimed at reducing oxidative stress have received considerable attention in epilepsy treatment. However, much evidence suggests that oxidative stress does not always have the same pattern in all(More)
A new gene, termed klotho, is associated with the suppression of several aging phenotypes. Because high expression of klotho gene was detected in the brain, it would be plausible that klotho gene is involved in the regulation of brain aging. We investigated the changes in mnemonic function accompanying aging in klotho mutant mice. Cognitive function(More)
In humans, the administration of phencyclidine causes schizophrenic-like symptoms that persist for several weeks after withdrawal from phencyclidine use. We demonstrated here that mice pretreated with phencyclidine (10 mg/kg/day s.c. for 14 days) showed an enduring impairment of associative in a Pavlovian fear conditioning 8 days after cessation of(More)
Anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen appear to prevent the development of Parkinson's disease (PD); however, long-term use has undesirable side-effects. A new strategy for anti-inflammatory drug therapy is using a dual inhibitor of COX and lipooxygenase (LOX). Here, we compared the dopaminergic neuroprotective property of phenidone (a dual COX and LOX(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptor agonists on the methamphetamine-induced impairment of recognition memory in mice. Repeated treatment with methamphetamine at a dose of 1 mg/kg for 7 days induced an impairment of recognition memory. Baclofen, a GABA(B) receptor agonist, ameliorated the repeated(More)
Multiple dose administration of methamphetamine (MA) results in long-lasting toxic effects in the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system. These effects are considered to be primarily due to oxidative damage mediated by increased production of hydrogen peroxide or other reactive oxygen species in the dopaminergic system. The present study was designed to(More)
This study examined the role of protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes in methamphetamine (MA)-induced dopaminergic toxicity. Multiple-dose administration of MA did not significantly alter PKCα, PKCβI, PKCβII, or PKCζ expression in the striatum, but did significantly increase PKCδ expression. Gö6976 (a co-inhibitor of PKCα and -β), hispidin (PKCβ inhibitor), and(More)
Immune stimulants, such as the bacterial endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the human immunodeficiency virus-1 coat protein gp120, or beta-amyloid peptides, lead to glial activation and production of various immune mediators, such as nitric oxide (NO) and proinflammatory cytokines in the brain. These mediators appear to contribute to neuronal cell death(More)
Nicotine replacement treatments are being alternatively applied as an aid to smoking cessation during pregnancy. However, the effects of nicotine exposed at the prenatal stage on the emotional behaviors in offspring are not well understood due to the lack of systematic investigations. The current study has therefore initially aimed to evaluate emotional(More)