Hyongjong Koh

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AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK, also known as SNF1A) has been primarily studied as a metabolic regulator that is activated in response to energy deprivation. Although there is relatively ample information on the biochemical characteristics of AMPK, not enough data exist on the in vivo function of the kinase. Here, using the Drosophila model system, we(More)
Although p90 ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK) is known as an important downstream effector of the ribosomal protein S6 kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Ras/ERK) pathway, its endogenous role, and precise molecular function remain unclear. Using gain-of-function and null mutants of RSK, its physiological role was successfully characterized in(More)
5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a heterotrimeric complex consisting of a catalytic (alpha) and two regulatory (beta and gamma) subunits. Two isoforms are known for catalytic subunit (alpha1, alpha2) and are encoded by different genes. To assess the metabolic effects of AMPKalpha1, we examined the effects of overexpression of adenoviral-mediated(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphatase 3 (MKP-3) is a well-known negative regulator in the Ras/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-MAPK signaling pathway responsible for cell fate determination and proliferation during development. However, the physiological roles of MKP-3 and the mechanism by which MKP-3 regulates Ras/Drosophila ERK(More)
Voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) has been suggested to be a mediator of mitochondrial-dependent cell death induced by Ca(2+) overload, oxidative stress and Bax-Bid activation. To confirm this hypothesis in vivo, we generated and characterized Drosophila VDAC (porin) mutants and found that Porin is not required for mitochondrial apoptosis, which is(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD), the most prevalent neurodegenerative movement disorder, is characterized by an age-dependent selective loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons. Although most PD cases are sporadic, more than 20 responsible genes in familial cases were identified recently. Genetic studies using Drosophila models demonstrate that PINK1, a mitochondrial(More)
PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1), which is associated with early onset Parkinson disease, encodes a serine-threonine kinase that is critical for maintaining mitochondrial function. Moreover, another Parkinson disease-linked gene, parkin, functions downstream of PINK1 in protecting mitochondria and dopaminergic (DA) neuron. In our fly genetic screening,(More)
Nek6 is an NIMA-related kinase that plays a critical role in mitotic cell cycle progression. Recent studies have shown that Nek6 is upregulated in various human cancers, but the function of Nek6 in tumorigenesis is largely unknown. Here, we examined the role of Nek6 in cellular senescence. Our data revealed that Nek6 expression is decreased both in both the(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD), one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases, is characterized by movement disorders and a loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons. PD mainly occurs sporadically, but may also result from genetic mutations in several PD-linked genes. Recently, genetic studies with Drosophila mutants, parkin and PINK1, two common PD-associated genes,(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is known as an important cellular energy sensor, but its in vivo role has not been fully understood. Recent studies provided surprising results that AMPK regulates cell polarity and mitosis under the control of tumour suppressor LKB1. Moreover, these newly found in vivo functions of AMPK are regulated by energy status in(More)