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Sensing/monitoring of spectrum-availability has been identified as a key requirement for dynamic spectrum allocation in cognitive radio networks (CRNs). An important issue associated with MAC-layer sensing in CRNs is how often to sense the availability of licensed channels and in which order to sense those channels. To resolve this issue, we address (1) how(More)
In a cognitive radio network (CRN), in-band spectrum sensing is essential for the protection of legacy spectrum users, with which the presence of primary users (PUs) can be detected promptly, allowing secondary users (SUs) to vacate the channels immediately. For in-band sensing, it is important to meet the detectability requirements, such as the maximum(More)
— Static spectrum allocation prohibits radio devices from using spectral bands designated for others. As a result, some bands are under-utilized while other bands are over-populated with radio devices. To remedy this problem, the concept of spectrum agility has been considered so as to enable devices to opportunistically utilize others' spectral bands. In(More)
In the recently-suggested dynamic spectrum allocation policy of cognitive radio networks [1]–[3], sensing/monitoring of spectrum availability is identified as a key requirement. To meet this requirement we address an important MAC-layer sensing issue: which of proactive and reactive sensing is more energy-efficient? An algorithm is proposed to dynamically(More)
— Spectrum sensing is essential to the realization of spectrum agility in cognitive radio (CR) networks. Although fundamental tradeoffs and theoretical limits associated with spectrum sensing have been studied extensively, there have been very few experimental studies focused on building a spectrum " sensor " with commercial off-the-shelf devices. We have(More)
Static spectrum allocation has resulted in low spectrum efficiency in licensed bands and poor performance of radio devices in crowded unlicensed bands. To remedy these problems, we exploit the concept of " spectral agility " such that radio devices can dynamically utilize idle spectral bands. We establish a mathematical model for the performance gain made(More)
(WRANs), each Base Station (BS) solves a complex resource allocation problem of simultaneously determining the channel to reuse, power for adaptive coverage, and Consumer Premise Equipments (CPEs) to associate with, while maximizing the total downstream capacity of CPEs. Although joint power and channel allocation is a classical problem, resource allocation(More)
In cognitive radios, in-band spectrum sensing is essential for the protection of legacy spectrum users, enabling secondary users to vacate channels immediately upon detection of primary users. For in-band sensing, it is important to meet detectability requirements, such as the maximum allowed detection latency and the probability of misdetection and false(More)
We address the problem of rapidly discovering spectrum opportunities for seamless service provisioning in cognitive radio networks (CRNs). In particular, we focus on multichannel communications via channel-bonding with heterogeneous channel characteristics of ON/OFF patterns, sensing time, and channel capacity. Using dynamic programming (DP), we derive an(More)