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The realization of the Semantic Web requires the widespread availability of semantic annotations for existing and new documents on the Web. Semantic annotations are to tag ontology class instance data and map it into ontology classes. The fully automatic creation of semantic annotations is an unsolved problem. Instead, current systems focus on the(More)
Ontology is increasingly seen as a key factor for enabling interoperability across heterogeneous systems and semantic web applications. Ontology mapping is required for combining distributed and heterogeneous ontologies. Developing such ontology mapping has been a core issue of recent ontology research. This paper presents ontology mapping categories,(More)
Recently, a large number of XML documents are available on the Internet. This trend motivated many researchers to analyze them multi-dimensionally in the same way as relational data. In this paper, we propose a new framework for multidimensional analysis of XML documents , which we call XML-OLAP. We base XML-OLAP on XML warehouses where every fact data as(More)
OBJECTIVES In this survey, we reviewed the current state of the art in biomedical QA (Question Answering), within a broader framework of semantic knowledge-based QA approaches, and projected directions for the future research development in this critical area of intersection between Artificial Intelligence, Information Retrieval, and Biomedical Informatics.(More)
Word Sense Disambiguation (WSD) is an important but challenging technique in the area of natural language processing (NLP). Hundreds of WSD algorithms and systems are available, but less work has been done in regard to choosing the optimal WSD algorithms. This paper summarizes the various knowledge sources used for WSD and classifies existing WSD algorithms(More)
Clinical medical records contain a wealth of information, largely in free-text form. Means to extract structured information from free-text records is an important research endeavor. In this paper, we describe a MEDical Information Extraction (MedIE) system that extracts and mines a variety of patient information with breast complaints from free-text(More)
Clinical medical records contain a wealth of information, largely in free-textual form. Thus, means to extract structured information from free-text records becomes an important research endeavor. In this paper, we propose and implement an information extraction system that extracts three types of information - numeric values, medical terms and categorical(More)