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Nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) subunits comprise a family of eukaryotic transcription factors that are critically involved in cell proliferation, inflammation, and apoptosis. Under basal conditions, NF-kappaB subunits are kept under inhibitory regulation by physical interaction with NF-kappaB inhibitors (IkappaB subunits) in the cytosol. Upon(More)
The adipocyte-derived secretory protein adiponectin functions as an insulin-sensitizing agent. In plasma, adiponectin exists as low, medium, and high molecular weight oligomers. Treatment with trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (t-10, c-12 CLA) reduces levels of adiponectin as well as triglyceride (TG) in mice and adipocyte cell culture models. The(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma1 (PPARgamma1) and liver X receptor alpha (LXRalpha) are nuclear receptors that play pivotal roles in macrophage cholesterol homeostasis and inflammation; key biological processes in atherogenesis. The activation of PPARgamma1 and LXRalpha by natural or synthetic ligands results in the transactivation of(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma1 (PPARgamma1) and liver X receptor alpha (LXRalpha) play pivotal roles in macrophage cholesterol homeostasis and inflammation, key biological processes in atherogenesis. Herein we identify adipocyte enhancer-binding protein 1 (AEBP1) as a transcriptional repressor that impedes macrophage cholesterol efflux,(More)
NF-kappaB comprises a family of transcription factors that are critically involved in various inflammatory processes. In this paper, the role of NF-kappaB in inflammation and atherosclerosis and the regulation of the NF-kappaB signaling pathway are summarized. The structure, function, and regulation of the NF-kappaB inhibitors, IkappaBalpha and IkappaBbeta,(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ1 (PPARγ1) and liver X receptor α (LXRα) are nuclear receptors that play pivotal roles in macrophage cholesterol homeostasis and inflammation; key biological processes in atherogenesis.The activation of PPARγ1 and LXRα by natural or synthetic ligands results in the transactivation of ABCA1, ABCG1, and ApoE;(More)
Macrophages facilitate clearance of cholesterol from the body via reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). The first event in RCT is internalization of modified low density lipoprotein by macrophages, upon which PPARgamma1 and LXRalpha signaling pathways are turned on, leading to the transactivation of a cascade of genes (e.g. ABCA1 and ABCG1), whose products(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether adipocyte enhancer binding protein (AEBP) 1, a transcriptional repressor that is down-regulated during adipogenesis, functions as a critical regulator of adipose tissue homeostasis through modulation of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) tumor suppressor activity and mitogen-activated protein(More)
NF-κB comprises a family of transcription factors that are critically involved in various inflammatory processes. In this paper, the role of NF-κB in inflammation and atherosclerosis and the regulation of the NF-κB signaling pathway are summarized. The structure, function, and regulation of the NF-κB inhibitors, IκBα and IκBβ, are reviewed. The regulation(More)
Obesity is an important risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, and certain cancers, but the molecular basis for obesity is poorly understood. The transcriptional repressor AEBP1, which functions as a negative regulator of PTEN through a protein-protein interaction, is highly expressed in the stromal compartment of adipose tissues, including proliferative(More)