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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of a new method for quantifying fractional flow reserve (FFR) with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) applied to coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) data in patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND Measurement of FFR during invasive(More)
The concept of reprogramming of somatic cells has opened a new era in regenerative medicine. Transduction of defined factors has successfully achieved pluripotency. However, during the generation process of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, genetic manipulation of certain factors may cause tumorigenicity, which limits further application. We report that(More)
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the commonest cause of death. Here, we report an association analysis in 63,746 CAD cases and 130,681 controls identifying 15 loci reaching genome-wide significance, taking the number of susceptibility loci for CAD to 46, and a further 104 independent variants (r(2) < 0.2) strongly associated with CAD at a 5% false discovery(More)
BACKGROUND The relative safety of drug-eluting stents and bare-metal stents, especially with respect to stent thrombosis, continues to be debated. In view of the overall low frequency of stent thrombosis, large sample sizes are needed to accurately estimate treatment differences between stents. We compared the risk of thrombosis between bare-metal and(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to determine whether computational modeling can be used to predict the functional outcome of coronary stenting by virtual stenting of ischemia-causing stenoses identified on the pre-treatment model. BACKGROUND Computed tomography (CT)-derived fractional flow reserve (FFR) is a novel noninvasive technology that can provide(More)
BACKGROUND Bone-marrow stem-cell transplantation has been shown to improve cardiac function in patients with myocardial infarction. We examined the feasibility and efficacy of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) therapy and subsequent intracoronary infusion of collected peripheral blood stem-cells (PBSCs) in such patients. METHODS We(More)
Fas and Fas ligand (FasL) expression has been detected in chronic vascular lesions, and Fas-mediated apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) may influence the integrity of the atherosclerotic plaque. Here we report that FasL is not expressed by normal VSMC, but its expression is upregulated by stresses that induce apoptosis, including serum(More)
OBJECTIVE Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) in one study group is not the same as EPC in other investigators, suggesting that EPC is not a single type of cell population. In this study, we tried to demonstrate the heterogeneity of EPC. METHODS AND RESULTS We cultured total mononuclear cells from human peripheral blood to get two types of EPC sequentially(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of the study was to systematically evaluate the significance of platelet reactivity on clopidogrel treatment on adverse cardiovascular events using a collaborative meta-analysis using patient-level data for the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay (Accumetrics, San Diego, California). BACKGROUND Clinical evidence has been controversial regarding(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after implantation of drug-eluting coronary stents remains undetermined. We aimed to test whether 6-month DAPT would be noninferior to 12-month DAPT after implantation of drug-eluting stents. METHODS AND RESULTS We randomly assigned 1443 patients undergoing implantation of drug-eluting(More)