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The role of apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease-1/redox factor-1 (Ref-1) in vascular smooth muscle cells has yet to be clearly elucidated. Therefore, we attempted to determine the roles of Ref-1 in the migration induced by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB and in its signaling in rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs). Cellular migration, superoxide(More)
We investigated the role that endothelial nitric oxide synthase plays in post-exercise hypotension in spontaneously hypertensive rats. To accomplish this, rats were subjected to a single bout of dynamic exercise on a treadmill at 15 m/min for 20 min. L-nitroarginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 40 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly inhibited post-exercise hypotension(More)
To examine the role of p66shc in endothelial dysfunction, we investigated the endothelium-dependent relaxation, protein expression and superoxide production in abdominal aortic coarctation rats. Endothelium-dependent relaxation to acetylcholine was impaired only in the aortic segments above the aortic coarctation (35.0+/-7.1% vs. 86.6+/-6.0% for sham(More)
OBJECTIVE Expression of adhesion molecules on endothelial cells and subsequent monocyte adhesion are initial events in the development of atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of apurinic/apyrmidinic endonuclease1/redox factor-1 (APE1/ref-1) in the interaction of monocytes with vascular endothelial cells. METHODS Human(More)
Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1/Redox factor-1 (APE1/Ref-1) can be acetylated via post-translational modification. We investigated the effect of an inhibitor of histone deacetylases on the extracellular release of APE1/Ref-1 in HEK293 cells. Trichostatin A (TSA), an inhibitor of histone deacetylases, induced APE1/Ref-1 secretion without changing cell(More)
BACKGROUND Midazolam is widely used as an intravenous sedative. However, the role of midazolam on vascular endothelial activation is still unknown. The present study explores the action of midazolam on endothelial activation and its role to peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. METHODS Intracellular(More)
Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1/redox factor-1 (APE1/ref-1) is a multifunctional protein involved both in DNA base excision repair and redox regulation. In this study we evaluated the protective role of Tat-mediated APE1/ref-1 transduction on the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-activated endothelial activation in cultured human umbilical vein(More)
This study was performed to investigate the effects of behavior modification on body image, depression and body fat in obese elementary school children. Sixty-two elementary students of the 4th to 6th grade were selected from two different Seoul schools. Thirty-four children in one school were designated as the experimental group, and 28 children from the(More)
Ectopic mineralization of soft tissues is known to be a typical response to systemic imbalance of various metabolic factors as well as tissue injury, leading to severe clinical consequences. In this study, coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) infection in mice resulted in significant tissue injury, especially in the heart and pancreas. Inflammatory damage and apoptotic(More)
In many applications, objects are reconstructed from cross-sections for visualization, finite element and dynamic analysis. Although cross-section of an object may contain multiple contours, a few papers have dealt with branching problem. Moreover ends of branches are described flatly. In this paper, as a basic study for dynamic analysis of a human knee(More)