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Neuroblastoma, characterized by heterogeneous cell population, is a common solid tumor in childhood and some malignant neuroblastomas are refractory to conventional chemotherapy. Recently, treatment with arsenic trioxide (As2O3) was found effective in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia as well as neuroblastoma cells by inducing apoptosis. To… (More)
Recent development of stratified chemotherapeutic regimens has rapidly improved the survival rate of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) of childhood. Despite these improvements, the outcome for children with recurrent or refractory NHL remains dismal. We explored the use of high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation… (More)
Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (familial HLH or FHL) is a potentially fatal autosomal recessive disorder. Our previous study demonstrated that UNC13D mutations (FHL3) account for ~90 % of FHL in Korea with recurrent splicing mutation c.754-1G>C (IVS9-1G>C). Notably, half of the FHL3 patients had a monoallelic mutation of UNC13D. Deep intronic… (More)
BACKGROUND Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA), characterized by impaired red cell production, is a rare condition that is usually symptomatic in early infancy. The purpose of this study was to assess nationwide experiences of DBA encountered over a period of 20 years. METHODS The medical records of 56 patients diagnosed with DBA were retrospectively reviewed… (More)
Thrombopoietin (TPO) is widely used for ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem cells. Previously, we have reported that TPO induces a characteristic pattern of apoptosis, and the TPO-induced apoptosis is closely associated with megakaryocyte (MK) differentiation. In the present study, several cytokines, flt3-ligand, stem cell factor (SCF), interleukin-3… (More)
We used a dual-chamber culture system separated by a dialysis membrane to test the efficiency of expansion of whole cord blood and cell fractions. We found that expansion of progenitor cells was more efficient from whole blood than from purified CD34+ or partially purified mononuclear cell fractions.
Arsenic trioxide has recently been shown to inhibit growth and induce apoptosis in a variety of hematologic malignancies, but very little is known about its effects on solid tumors and especially on neuroblastoma cells that have self-differentiating characteristics. To demonstrate the growth inhibition induced in neuroblastoma cells (the SH-SY5Y and SK-N-AS… (More)