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The functional status of central neural pathways, in particular their susceptibility to plasticity and functional reorganization, may influence speech performance of deaf cochlear implant users. In this paper, we sought to determine how brain metabolic activity measured before implantation relates to cochlear implantation outcome, that is, speech(More)
PURPOSE Cochlear implantation is an effective technique for restoring hearing in the profoundly deaf. Although cochlear implants are a therapeutical success, huge performance variability in speech comprehension is observed after implantation. The reason for this remains incompletely understood after 20 years of clinical practice and basic research. Which(More)
Androgen and androgen receptor (AR)-mediated signaling are crucial for the development of prostate cancer. Identification of novel and naturally occurring phytochemicals that target androgen and AR signaling from Oriental medicinal herbs holds exciting promises for the chemoprevention of this disease. In this article, we report the discovery of strong and(More)
Compound K (CK; 20-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-20(S)-protopanaxadiol), an active ginseng saponin metabolite, exerts anticancer activity via apoptosis induction in various cancers. In the present study, we investigated the anti-angiogenic activity of CK and its molecular mechanisms in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Angiogenesis was induced in(More)
Isorhamnetin is a flavanoid present in plants of the Polygonaceae family and is also an immediate metabolite of quercetin in mammals. Since the plasma level of isorhamnetin is maintained longer than quercetin, isorhamnetin may be a key metabolite to mediate the anti-tumor effect of quercetin. In the present study, we investigated the apoptotic mechanism of(More)
It is commonly held that losing one sense provokes cross-modal takeover of deprived cortical areas, and therefore results in a benefit for the remaining modalities. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we assessed the impact of acquired deafness on the brain network related to speechreading and teased apart cortical areas with responses(More)
Methylselenol has been implicated as an active anticancer selenium (Se) metabolite. However, its in vivo efficacy against prostate cancer (PCa) has yet to be established. Here, we evaluated the growth inhibitory effects of two presumed methylselenol precursors methylseleninic acid (MSeA) and Se-methylselenocysteine (MSeC) in comparison with selenomethionine(More)
Rigorous and systematic pre-clinical studies are necessary and essential to establish the efficacy and safety of Oriental herbs and formulas in order to transform traditional herbal practices into evidence-based medicine. Here we evaluated the anti-cancer activities of the ethanol extract of Ka-mi-kae-kyuk-tang (KMKKT), a formula of ten Oriental herbs, with(More)
Icariside II (IS) isolated from the roots of Epimedium koreanum Nakai was known to have antioxidant activity and inhibit melanogenesis and hypoxia inducible factor. We report here for the first time that IS induces apoptosis through its anti-inflammatory effects in PC-3 prostate cancer cells. IS exerted cytotoxicity against PC-3 cells with IC(50) of(More)
Androgen and the androgen receptor (AR)-mediated signaling are crucial for prostate cancer development. Novel agents that can inhibit AR signaling in ligand-dependent and ligand-independent manners are desirable for the chemoprevention of prostate carcinogenesis and for the treatment of advanced prostate cancer. We have shown recently that the(More)