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The dissemination of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) requires the Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal transition (EMT), in which cells lose their epithelial characteristics and acquire more mesenchymal-like phenotypes. Current isolation of CTCs relies on affinity-based approaches reliant on the expression of Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule (EpCAM). Here we show(More)
We have investigated whether arachidonic acid could regulate tissue transglutaminase (tTGase) via intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in NIH3T3 cells. tTGase was identified in NIH3T3 cells by Western blot and confocal microscopy. Arachidonic acid elevated in situ tTGase activity in dose- and time-dependent manners with a maximal level at 1h, and ROS(More)
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are highly correlated with the invasive behavior of cancer, so their isolations and quantifications are important for biomedical applications such as cancer prognosis and measuring the responses to drug treatments. In this paper, we present the development of a microfluidic device for the separation of CTCs from blood cells(More)
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are defined as cells that have detached from a primary tumor and are circulating in the bloodstream. Their isolation and quantification is of great value for cancer prognoses and drug testing. Here, the development of a centrifugal affinity plate (CAP) system is described, in which centrifugal force and antibody-based capture(More)
Much research has been performed over the past several decades in an attempt to conquer cancer. Tissue biopsy is the conventional method for gathering biological materials to analyze cancer and has contributed greatly to the understanding of cancer. However, this method is limited because it is time-consuming (requires tissue sectioning, staining, and(More)
Arylphorin is an insect hexameric storage protein. The structures of the oligosaccharides attached to this protein have recently been determined. However, their precise functions remain to be established. Proteolysis and MALDI MS studies disclose that the amino acid residues Asn196 and Asn344 are N-glycosylated with Glc(1)Man(9)GlcNAc(2) and(More)
We designed a new microfluidic method, multiorifice flow fractionation (MOFF), for continuous size-based separation of spherical microparticles. This method utilizes inertial lift force and momentum-change-induced inertial force generated in a series of contraction/expansion microchannels. The particles were concentrated gradually along the walls of(More)
We developed a new microfluidic method for focusing microparticles through the combined use of inertial lift forces and turbulent secondary flows generated in a topographically patterned microchannel. The mechanism of particle focusing is based on the hydrodynamic inertial forces exerted on particles migrating along a non-circular microchannel, i.e.tubular(More)
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are dissociated from primary tumor and circulate in peripheral blood. They are regarded as the genesis of metastasis. Isolation and enumeration of CTCs serve as valuable tools for cancer prognosis and diagnosis. However, the rarity and heterogeneity of CTCs in blood makes it difficult to separate intact CTCs without loss. In(More)
During the last few years, fluorescence activated cell sorter has played an important role in a variety of biological investigations as well as clinical diagnostics. However, the conventional fluorescence activated cell sorter has several limitations, such as large size, large sample volumes required for operation, and high cost. In this paper, we present a(More)