Hyo Geun Kim

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Ghrelin is an endogenous ligand for growth hormone (GH) secretagogue receptor 1a (GHS-R1a) and is produced and released mainly from the stomach. It was recently demonstrated that ghrelin can function as a neuroprotective factor by inhibiting apoptotic pathways. 1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) causes nigrostriatal dopaminergic(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondrial dysfunction is a prominent feature of neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease (PD), in which insulin signaling pathway may also be implicated because 50-80% of PD patients exhibited metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance. 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and its toxic metabolite,(More)
Cyperi rhizoma, the rhizome of Cyperus rotundus L. (Family Cyperaceae), is a well-known functional food and traditional herbal medicine in Korea. It has been reported that Cyperi rhizoma has antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities that play a major role in protection of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson's disease (PD). In the present(More)
Recent studies on Alzheimer's disease (AD) have focused on soluble oligomeric forms of amyloid-beta (Aβ oligomer, AβO) that are directly associated with AD-related pathologies, such as cognitive decline, neurodegeneration, and neuroinflammation. Donepezil is a well-known anti-dementia agent that increases acetylcholine levels through inhibition of(More)
Acacetin (5,7-dihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone), a constituent of flavone naturally present in plants, has anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities. Neuroinflammation is thought to be one of the major pathological mechanisms responsible for Parkinson's disease (PD), and has been a primary target in the development of treatment for PD. In the present study,(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD), one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders, is characterised by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) to the striatum (ST), and involves oxidative stress. Mulberry fruit from Morus alba L. (Moraceae) is commonly eaten, and has long been used in traditional oriental medicine. It(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Dangguijakyak-san (DJS) is a multi-herbal formula that has long been widely used in traditional Oriental medicine to treat gynecologic disorders, including neurological symptoms. Recent clinical and experimental studies have reported aging and anti-neurodegenerative effects of DJS. In this study, we evaluated the neuroprotective effects of(More)
Cassiae semen, a commonly consumed tea and medicinal food, has been shown to have multiple therapeutic actions related to the prevention of dementia and ischemia. In this study, we investigated the effects of extract of Cassiae semen (COE) against neurotoxicities in in vitro and in vivo Parkinson's disease (PD) models. In PC12 cells, COE attenuated the cell(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Polygalae radix, the root of Polygala tenuifolia Willd, has commonly been used for the treatment of amnesia and anxiety in traditional Korean medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate its neuroprotective effects and possible mechanisms of action in models of Parkinson's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study utilized a(More)
Recently, increased attention has been directed towards medicinal extracts as potential new drug candidates for dementia. Ginger has long been used as an important ingredient in cooking and traditional herbal medicine. In particular, ginger has been known to have disease-modifying effects in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, there is no evidence of which(More)