Hyo-Chan Lee

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Liver failure due to ischemia and reperfusion (IR) and subsequent acute kidney injury are significant clinical problems. We showed previously that liver IR selectively reduced plasma sphinganine-1-phosphate levels without affecting sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) levels. Furthermore, exogenous sphinganine-1-phosphate protected against both liver and kidney(More)
Patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) frequently suffer from extra-renal complications including hepatic dysfunction and systemic inflammation. We aimed to determine the mechanisms of AKI-induced hepatic dysfunction and systemic inflammation. Mice subjected to AKI (renal ischemia reperfusion (IR) or nephrectomy) rapidly developed acute hepatic dysfunction(More)
Hepatic ischemia reperfusion (IR) is the leading cause of acute liver failure (ALF) during the perioperative period and patients with ALF frequently develop acute kidney injury (AKI). There is no effective therapy for AKI associated with ALF because pathomechanisms are incompletely characterized, in part due to the lack of an animal model. In this study, we(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is a major clinical problem affecting virtually every patient requiring critical care. Volatile anesthetics are frequently used during the perioperative period and protect the heart and kidney against ischemia and reperfusion injury. We aimed to determine whether isoflurane, the most commonly used volatile anesthetic in the USA,(More)
Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury is a major cause of acute kidney injury. We previously found that renal A(1) adenosine receptor (A(1)AR) activation attenuated multiple cell death pathways including necrosis, apoptosis, and inflammation. Here, we tested whether induction of cytoprotective sphingosine kinase (SK)-1 and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P)(More)
The role for the endothelial sphingosine-1-phosphate 1 receptor (S1P1R) in acute kidney injury (AKI) remains unclear as germline endothelial S1P1R deletion is embryonically lethal. Here, we generated conditional endothelial S1P1R deficiency by crossing mice with floxed S1P1R with mice expressing a tamoxifen-inducible form of Cre recombinase under the(More)
The volatile anesthetic isoflurane protects against renal ischemia and reperfusion injury by releasing renal tubular TGF-β1. As adenosine is a powerful cytoprotective molecule, we tested whether TGF-β1 generated by isoflurane induces renal tubular ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) and adenosine to protect against renal ischemia and reperfusion injury. Isoflurane(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is common in acute and chronic organ injury. Isoflurane is a widely used halogenated volatile anesthetic during the perioperative period and protects against endothelial cell death and inflammation. In this study, we tested whether isoflurane induces endothelial ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) and cytoprotective adenosine generation to(More)
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