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The present study aimed to investigate whether rebamipide, a novel antiulcer agent that has an oxygen radical scavenging activity, would inhibit lipid peroxidation, NF-κB activation, and IL-8 production by H. pylori. Human gastric epithelial cells (AGS and KATO III), treated with rebamipide or not were incubated in the absence or the presence of H. pylori.(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection leads to gastroduodenal inflammation, peptic ulceration and gastric carcinoma. Proteomic analysis of the human gastric mucosa from the patients with erosive gastritis, peptic ulcer or gastric cancer, which were either infected or not with H. pylori, was used to determine the differentially expressed proteins by H. pylori in the(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression is mediated by constitutive NF-kappaB and regulates human gastric cancer cell growth and proliferation. Inactivating Ku70 or Ku80 suppresses cell growth and induces apoptosis. It has been hypothesized that Ku70 and Ku80 expression may be associated with NF-kappaB activation and COX-2 expression and is involved in cell(More)
The present study aims at investigating the effects of mannitol and dimethylthiourea, known hydroxyl radical scavengers, on lipid peroxidation as an indicative of oxidative damage, NF-kappa B activation and IL-8 production by Helicobacter pylori in gastric epithelial cells. A human gastric epithelial cell line, AGS, treated with or without mannitol and(More)
The p50 subunit of NF-kappaB is a transcription factor that regulates the expression of a variety of genes. Previously, we showed that the expression of Ku antigen, a DNA repair protein, is mediated by NF-kappaB in gastric cancer AGS cells (Lim, J. W., Kim, H., and Kim, K. H. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 46093-46100). In this study, we report that the(More)
Cerulein pancreatitis was shown to be one of the best characterized models for acute pancreatitis. High doses of cerulein induce a dysregulation of the digestive enzyme production and cytoplasmic vacuolization and the death of acinar cells, edema formation, and an infiltration of inflammatory cells into the pancreas, which are similar symptoms shown in(More)
Proteinase-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) belongs to a novel subfamily of G protein-coupled receptors with seven-transmembrane domains. PAR-2 is activated by serine proteases, such as trypsin, mast cell tryptase, and allergic or bacterial proteases. The presence of trypsin has been shown in human stomach. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is induced by inflammatory(More)
Induction of proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TGF-beta1 are the hallmark of human pancreatitis. Cerulein pancreatitis is similar to human edematous pancreatitis involving dysregulation of digestive enzyme production, cytoplasmic vacuolization, and increased cytokine production. We previously showed that cerulein induced IL-1beta expression through the(More)
Oxygen radicals are important regulators in Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric ulceration and carcinogenesis. IL-8 may be regulated by oxidant-sensitive transcription factors, NF-κB, and AP-1. The present study aims to investigate whether H. pylori-induced IL-8 expression is regulated by NF-κB and AP-1 in gastric epithelial AGS cells and whether this(More)
Apoptosis linked to oxidative stress has been implicated in pancreatitis. We investigated whether NADPH oxidase mediates apoptosis in cerulein-stimulated pancreatic acinar AR42J cells. We report here that cerulein treatment resulted in the activation of NADPH oxidase, as determined by ROS production, translocation of cytosolic subunits p 47(phox) and p(More)