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OBJECTIVE Although prophylactic antiepileptic drug (AED) use in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a common practice, lack of uniform definitions and guidelines for seizures and AEDs rendered this prescription more habitual instead of evidence-based manner. We herein evaluated the incidence and predictive factors of seizure and(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic subdural hematoma, a benign illness with established surgical treatment, occasionally presents as an annoying recurrence. In this paper, we assess the role of local inflammation and angiogenesis on the recurrence of CSH by measuring relevant biochemical factors from surgical specimens. METHODS During a 2-year period, a prospective(More)
We study the predictive power of Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) and Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) in neurosurgical intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Retrospective investigation was conducted on 672 consecutive ICU patients during the last 2 yr. Data were collected during the first 24 hours of admission and(More)
Deferoxamine (DFX), a potent iron-chelating agent, reduces brain edema and neuronal cell injury that develop due to the hemolysis cascade. Statins have neuroprotective effects via anti-inflammatory action and increment of cerebral blood flow after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of combined DFX and(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was aimed to identify the incidence and risk factors of vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE) colonization in neurosurgical practice of field, with particular attention to intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS This retrospective study was carried out on the Neurosurgical ICU (NICU), during the period from January. 2005 to December.(More)
OBJECTIVE Postoperative delirium (POD) is characterized by an acute change in cognitive function and can result in longer hospital stays, higher morbidity rates, and more frequent discharges to long-term care facilities. In this study, we investigated the incidence and risk factors of POD in 224 patients older than 70 years of age, who had undergone a(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated predictors of survival and the neurological outcomes of neurosurgical patients who experienced cardiac arrest and received cardiopulmonary resuscitation after being admitted to the neurosurgical intensive care unit. METHODS A retrospective study was conducted of adult patients in the neurosurgical intensive care unit who had(More)
Copeptin, the C-terminal part of provasopressin, has emerged as a novel prognostic marker after hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to quantitatively assess the prognostic significance of plasma copeptin level on functional outcome and mortality in patients with acute stroke using a meta-analysis of the available evidence. Thirteen(More)
Sildenafil citrate (Viagra(R); Pfeizer US Pharmaceutical Group, New York, NY, USA) is a potent vasodilating agent to treat male erectile dysfunction. Among its adverse effects, hemorrhagic stroke has not been widely reported yet. We present a case of a 33-year-old healthy man who ingested 50 mg sildenafil a half hour before onset of headache, nervousness(More)