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Anti-estrogen therapy has been shown to reduce mammographic breast density (MD). We hypothesized that a short-term change in breast density may be a surrogate biomarker predicting response to adjuvant endocrine therapy (ET) in breast cancer. We analyzed data for 1,065 estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer patients who underwent surgery between 2003(More)
INTRODUCTION Inflammation has been implicated in cancer aggressiveness. As transglutaminase 2 (TG2), which has been associated with inflammatory signaling, has been suggested to play a role in tumor behavior, we propose that TG2 may be an important linker inducing interleukin (IL)-6-mediated cancer-cell aggressiveness, including distant hematogenous(More)
Neoadjuvant endocrine therapy with an aromatase inhibitor has shown efficacy comparable to that of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with postmenopausal breast cancer. Preclinical and clinical studies have shown that the antidiabetic drug metformin has anti-tumor activity. This prospective, multicenter, phase II randomized, placebo controlled trial was(More)
PURPOSE Patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) with pathologic complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) have superior survival outcomes compared to those with residual disease after NAC. This study investigated the value of three biomarkers, p53, Ki-67, and Bcl-2 for predicting pCR in NAC-treated patients with TNBC. METHODS(More)
The prognostic role of serum estrogen level in breast cancer patients is unclear. We investigated the prognostic importance of preoperative serum estradiol (E2) level in postmenopausal women according to their estrogen receptor (ER) status. The medical records of 313 postmenopausal breast cancer patients who underwent surgery between 2006 and 2008 at a(More)
Metformin, which is a drug commonly used to treat type 2 diabetes, has shown anti-tumor effects in numerous experimental, epidemiologic, observational, and clinical studies. Here, we report a new metformin derivative, metformin-butyrate (MFB). Compared to metformin-HCl, it more potently activates AMPK, inhibits mTOR, and impairs cell cycle progression at S(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to develop a new data-mining model to predict axillary lymph node (AxLN) metastasis in primary breast cancer. To achieve this, we used a decision tree-based prediction method-the alternating decision tree (ADTree). METHODS Clinical datasets for primary breast cancer patients who underwent sentinel lymph node biopsy or(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the prognostic impact of discordance between the receptor status of primary breast cancers and corresponding metastases. METHODS A total 144 patients with breast cancer and distant metastasis were investigated. The estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status of(More)
Inflammation has recently been implicated in cancer formation and progression. As tissue transglutaminase (TG2) has been associated with both inflammatory signaling and tumor cell behavior, we propose that TG2 may be an important link inducing interleukin-6 (IL-6)-mediated cancer cell aggressiveness, including cancer stem cell-like characteristics and(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to investigate whether the observed changes over time in the survival rates vary according to the intrinsic subtypes of breast cancer diagnosed. METHODS Data from 46,320 breast cancer patients in the Korean Breast Cancer Registry who underwent surgery between 1999 and 2006 were reviewed. Among them, results from 25,887(More)