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Herein, we show that the constitutive overexpression of Redd1, a negative regulator of mTORC1, induces Akt activation in lung cancer cells. Akt phosphorylation was reduced to basal levels by Rictor siRNA, suggesting the involvement of mTORC2 in this process. Perifosine and PP242, selective inhibitors of Akt and mTORC1/2, respectively, efficiently suppressed(More)
CD95/Fas is a cell surface protein that belongs to the tumor necrosis factor receptor family. Signals through CD95/Fas are able to induce apoptosis in sensitive cells. Therefore, modalities to regulate the CD95/Fas expression level in tumor cells are called for. In the present study, we show that sublethal doses of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) sensitized(More)
Extraction of high-quality RNA is a crucial step in gene expression profiling. To achieve optimal RNA extraction from frozen blood, the performance of three RNA extraction kits- TRI reagent, PAXgene blood RNA system (PAXgene) and NucleoSpin RNA blood kit (NucleoSpin)- was evaluated. Fifteen blood specimens collected in tubes containing potassium(More)
Nutrient-limiting conditions are frequently encountered by tumor cells in poorly vascularized microenvironments. These stress conditions may facilitate the selection of tumor cells with an inherent ability to decrease apoptotic potential. Therefore, selective targeting of tumor cells under glucose deprivation conditions may provide an effective alternative(More)
SUMMARY In the present study, we show that a combination of sulindac and arsenic trioxide (ATO) induces more extensive apoptosis than either drug alone in H1299 human non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells. Treatment with sulindac/ATO triggered three major apoptotic signaling events, namely, collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential, release of(More)
Redd1, a recently discovered stress-response gene, is regulated by hypoxia via hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and by DNA damage via p53/p63; however, the signaling pathway by which its expression is induced by hypoxia has not been elucidated. In the present study, we demonstrated that the expression of Redd1 in response to hypoxia (1% O(2)),(More)
The Hsp90-associated protein p23 modulates Hsp90 activity during the final stages of the chaperone pathway to facilitate maturation of client proteins. Previous reports indicate that p23 cleavage induced by caspases during cell death triggers destabilization of client proteins. However, the specific role of truncated p23 (Delta p23) in this process and the(More)
OBJECT Local invasiveness of malignant glioma is a major reason for the failure of current treatments including surgery and radiation therapy. Tetraarsenic oxide (As4O6 [TAO]) is a trivalent arsenic compound that has potential anticancer and antiangiogenic effects in selected cancer cell lines at a lower concentration than arsenic trioxide (As2O3 [ATO]),(More)
Survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family, may be a good target for cancer therapy because it is expressed in a variety of human tumors but not in differentiated adult tissues. In the present study, we show that a combination of sulindac and arsenic trioxide (ATO) induces more extensive apoptosis than either drug alone in A549(More)
Sorafenib, a multikinase inhibitor, is emerging as a promising targeted agent that may possess antitumor activity against a broad range of cancers. The mechanism by which sorafenib induces lung cancer cell death and apoptosis, however, is not understood. In the present study, we provide evidence that sorafenib acts through inhibition of mammalian target of(More)