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Clonorchis sinensis, the Chinese liver fluke, is the causative agent of clonorchiasis as well as liver and biliary diseases. The excretory-secretory products (ESPs) of the parasites play important roles in host-parasite interactions. In this study, we have investigated the proteome of ESPs obtained from C. sinensis adult worms. Although the full genome(More)
AIMS To detect Bacillus anthracis DNA from soil using rapid and simple procedures. METHODS AND RESULTS Various amounts of B. anthracis Pasteur II spores were added artificially to 1 g of soil, which was then washed with ethanol and sterile water. Enrichment of the samples in trypticase soy broth was performed twice. A DNA template was prepared from the(More)
AIMS To detect and isolate Bacillus anthracis from the air by a simple and rapid procedure. METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred litres of air were filtered through an air monitor device. After the membrane was suspended in PBS, spores of B. anthracis were added. The suspension was plated on Bacillus cereus selective agar (BCA) plates to detect B. anthracis(More)
To establish the rapid detection method of airborne bacterial spores, we examined Bacillus anthracis spores by real-time PCR. One hundred liters of air were trapped on a filter of an air monitor device. After it was suspended in PBS, spores of B. anthracis were artificially added. The suspension was also heated at 95 degrees C for 15 min and used for(More)
Bacillus anthracis enters the body as an endospore, and encapsulation and toxin production occur after germination. Capsule is proposed to be an antiphagocytic factor, and toxin induces cytokine production for systemic shock. The dep gene, adjacent to the cap region for the encapsulation, degrades the high-molecular weight capsule (H-capsule) to the(More)
We established the PCR detection system specific to Salmonella species using Salmonella enterotoxin gene (stn). The detection limit was one bacterial cell per one gram of fecal and minced-meat samples using enrichment procedure by Tripticase soy broth or Salmonella enrichment broth, respectively. We concluded that this PCR system is useful for the practical(More)
AIMS To develop an economical, safe and simple vaccination system against swine erysipelas using SpaA-antigen producing Lactococcus lactis. METHODS AND RESULTS The spaA gene of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae was inserted into a shuttle plasmid pSECE1 to construct pSECE1.3. The SpaA produced in L. lactis maintained a stable antigenicity without degrading in(More)
A survey of mosquitoes, including the vector status of Brugia malayi filariasis and their relative larval density, was conducted from 2002 to 2005 at several southern remote islands of Jeollanam-do (province), Gyeongsangnam-do, and Jeju-do, Korea, where filariasis was previously endemic. Overall, a total of 9 species belonging to 7 genera were collected.(More)
Cryptosporidium parvum is an intracellular protozoan parasite that causes cryptosporidiosis in mammals. In this study, we identified a gene encoding mitochondrial iron-superoxide dismutase of C. parvum (Cp-mtSOD) and characterized biochemical properties of the recombinant protein. Multiple sequence alignment of the deduced amino acid sequence of Cp-mtSOD(More)
AIMS To detect and isolate Bacillus anthracis from meat and tissue by rapid and simple procedures. METHODS AND RESULTS Bacillus anthracis Pasteur II cells were added to 1 g lymph node and pig meat, which were then cut into small pieces and suspended in PBS. Aliquots were spread on Bacillus cereus selective agar (BCA) plates to isolate B. anthracis cells,(More)