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As the need for a solution to support mobile network is consistently increasing, NEtwork MObility (NEMO) Basic Support protocol is proposed by using a bi-directional tunnel between a Mobile Router (MR) and its Home Agent (HA). However, the multiple levels of MR-HA tunnels in nested mobile networks lead to significant suboptimal routing, called pinball(More)
A possible application of acupuncture in alleviating depression-like behavioral changes and regulating serotonin signaling in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of maternally-separated rat pups was investigated in this study. On postnatal day 15, rat pups were maternally-separated and received acupuncture stimulation at acupoint HT7 or ST36 once a day for 7 days.(More)
The present study investigated the possible role of acupuncture in alleviating depression-like behavioral changes and examined changes in the levels of serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA), and their metabolites in the hippocampus (HP) and prefrontal cortex (PFC) of maternally separated rat pups. On postnatal day 15, rat pups were maternally separated and(More)
Our goal is to propose the optimal network model for HCI mobile terminals with limited capacity, and to provide ubiquitous services using the minimum cost and to prolong the system lifetime by reducing the energy consumption of mobile devices. In order to achieve these goals, we propose an energy-efficient routing protocol based on clustering scheme for(More)
The interconnection of mobile ad hoc networks to fixed IP networks is one of the topics receiving more attention within the MANET working group of the IETF. In such integrated scenarios, commonly known as hybrid ad hoc networks, mobile nodes are witnessed as an easily deployable extension to the exiting infrastructure. Some ad hoc nodes act as gateway that(More)
As the demands for Internet connectivity of ad hoc networks are consistently increasing, the interconnection of Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANETs) to fixed IP networks is emerging as an issue with considerable attention in the literature [2,3,4]. Here, we focus on connecting MANETs to the Internet by integrating Mobile IPv6. Many previous studies are suffered(More)
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