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The intrathecal administration of p38 MAP kinase (p38) inhibitor has been shown to reduce hyperalgesia. In the present study, we investigated the activation of p38 in the rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and spinal cord following peripheral tissue inflammation and nerve injury immunohistochemically. Peripheral inflammation and chronic constriction injury(More)
Proinflammatory mediators, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-6 have been found to play a key role in the propagation of persistent pain states. We investigated the temporal expressions of the mRNAs and the receptor mRNAs of TNFalpha, IL-1beta and IL-6 in rat dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord in a chronic constriction(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a major contributor to the elevation of spinal prostaglandin E2, which augments the processing of nociceptive stimuli following peripheral inflammation, and dynorphin has been shown to have an important role in acute and chronic pain states. Moreover, the transcription factor, nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kB), regulates the(More)
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder, characterized by symptoms of hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. It is commonly treated with psychostimulants that typically begins during childhood and lasts for an extended period of time. However, there are concerns regarding the consequences of chronic(More)
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-mediated therapy has been shown to be clinically effective in regenerating tissue defects. For improved regenerative therapy, it is critical to isolate homogenous populations of MSCs with high capacity to differentiate into appropriate tissues. The utilization of stem cell surface antigens provides a means to identify MSCs from(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a promising tool in regenerative medicine due to their capacity to differentiate into multiple lineages. In addition to MSCs isolated from bone marrow (BMSCs), adult MSCs are isolated from craniofacial tissues including dental pulp tissues (DPs) using various stem cell surface markers. However, there has been a lack of(More)
Honey encryption (HE) is a new technique to overcome the weakness of conventional password-based encryption (PBE). However, conventional honey encryption still has the limitation that it works only for binary bit streams or integer sequences because it uses a fixed distribution-transforming encoder (DTE). In this paper, we propose a variant of honey(More)
Although regeneration via the reprogramming of one cell lineage to another occurs in fish and amphibians, it is not observed in mammals. We discovered in mouse that during wound healing adipocytes regenerate from myofibroblasts, a cell type thought to be differentiated and non-adipogenic. Myofibroblast reprogramming required neogenic hair follicles, which(More)
Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder with an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. Patients with Huntington's disease show an increased risk of aspiration pneumonia when the pharyngeal muscle is invaded. We report a case of advanced-stage Huntington's disease in which the patient received right middle lobectomy for a lung abscess caused by(More)
BACKGROUND Behcet's disease is a heterogeneous, multisystem, inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology. The classic triad of oral and genital ulcerations in conjunction with uveitis was originally described by the Turkish dermatologist Hulusi Behcet in 1937, but associated symptoms of the cardiovascular, central nervous, pulmonary, and gastrointestinal(More)