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The discovery of drugs for the treatment of inflammatory allergic diseases such as, asthma, allergic rhinitis, and sinusitis is a very important subject in human health. Gallic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid), a polyphenyl natural products from gallnut and green tea, is known to have anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, and radical(More)
In this study, we investigated the effect of aqueous extract of Prunella vulgaris (Labiatae; PVAE) on the mast cell-mediated allergy model. We found that PVAE (0.001-0.1 g/kg) dose dependently inhibited compound 48/80-induced systemic anaphylaxis and serum histamine release in mice. PVAE decreased the IgE-mediated local allergic reaction, passive cutaneous(More)
Purple bamboo salt is a specially processed salt according to the traditional recipe using normal salt and bamboo etc. It has been used as a folk medicine for the purpose of prevention and treatment of various diseases in Korea. This report describes an inhibitory effect of purple bamboo salt on mast cell-mediated immediate-type allergic reactions. Purple(More)
Cytokines in the central nervous system (CNS) may play an important role in functioning as intercellular signals that orchestrate the response to injury. Whether this is a cause or result of the brain disease process is uncertain. We investigated IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, and IgE in the sera of 38 patients with cerebral infarction during the acute stage and(More)
BACKGROUND Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a major form of tea catechin and has a variety of biological activities. In the present study, we investigated the effect of EGCG on the secretion of TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IL-8, as well as its possible mechanism of action by using the human mast cell line (HMC-1). METHODS EGCG was treated before the activation(More)
We investigated the effect of disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) on mast cell-mediated immediate-type hypersensitivity. DSCG inhibited systemic allergic reaction induced by compound 48/80 dose-dependently. Passive cutaneous anaphylaxis was inhibited by 71.6% by oral administration of DSCG (1 g/kg). When DSCG was pretreated at concentration rang from 0.01-1000(More)
Bojungikki-tang (BIT) has been widely used to treat patients suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). However, its effect has not been yet investigated experimentally. Based upon the clinical presentation of CFS, we hypothesized that cytokines may play a role in the pathogenesis of the disease. We studied the effect of BIT on lipopolysaccharide(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease and its exact cause and pathophysiological process remain unclear. Because the mast cell contains potent mediators, including multifunctional cytokines, its potential contributions to the processes of inflammation and matrix degradation have recently become evident. Gamisopoonghwanghyul-tang(More)
PURPOSE To compare the initial visual field (VF) defect pattern and the spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) parameters and investigate the effects of distinct types of optic disc damage on the diagnostic performance of these OCT parameters in early glaucoma. DESIGN Retrospective, observational study. PARTICIPANTS A total of 138 control(More)
PURPOSE To compare the detection rates of identifying the posterior border of the sclera and lamina cribrosa and measurement reproducibility of scleral and laminar thicknesses using the enhanced depth imaging (EDI) of Heidelberg Spectralis optical coherence tomography (OCT) and swept-source OCT. DESIGN Cross-sectional design. METHODS Both EDI-OCT and(More)