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Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) transactivates many genes required for osteoblast differentiation. The role of N-α-acetyltransferase 10 (NAA10, arrest-defective-1), originally identified in yeast, remains poorly understood in mammals. Here we report a new NAA10 function in Runx2-mediated osteogenesis. Runx2 stabilizes NAA10 in osteoblasts during(More)
Hepcidin, a liver peptide, systemically inhibits iron utilization and is downregulated under hypoxic conditions. However, little is known about the mechanism underlying the hypoxic suppression of hepcidin. Here, we tested the possibility that HIF-1 and ROS are involved in hepcidin regulation. Hepcidin mRNA, pre-mRNA, and protein levels were reduced in mouse(More)
HIF-1alpha is believed to promote tumor growth and metastasis, and many efforts have been made to develop new anticancer agents based on HIF-1alpha inhibition. YC-1 is a widely used HIF-1alpha inhibitor both in vitro and in vivo, and is being developed as a novel class of anticancer drug. However, little is known about the mechanism by which YC-1 degrades(More)
Hypoxic inhibition of K+ current is a critical O2-sensing mechanism. Previously, it was demonstrated that the cooperative action of TASK-1 and NADPH oxidase-4 (NOX4) mediated the O2-sensitive K+ current response. Here we addressed the O2-sensing mechanism of NOX4 in terms of TASK-1 regulation. In TASK-1 and NOX4-coexpressing human embryonic kidney 293(More)
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is a multifunctional cofactor of aromatic amino acid hydroxylases and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) as well as an intracellular antioxidant in animals. Through regulation of NOS activity BH4 plays a pivotal role not only in a variety of normal cellular functions but also in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular and neurodegenerative(More)
The quantitative determination of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) and its oxidized forms (dihydrobiopterin and biopterin) is important in searching for possible markers of neuropsychiatric and cardiovascular disorders as well as in diagnosing BH4 deficiencies. Currently, two high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods are available, although both have(More)
We have studied the regulatory function of Dictyostelium discoideum Ax2 phenylalanine hydroxylase (dicPAH) via characterization of domain structures. Including the full-length protein, partial proteins truncated in regulatory, tetramerization, or both, were prepared from Escherichia coli as his-tag proteins and examined for oligomeric status and catalytic(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is known to be associated with increased risks of hypoxia-related diseases, whose progresses are critically determined by HIF-1alpha. The authors hypothesized that the hypoxia-related complications of RA are associated with HIF-1alpha deregulation by some factor(s) in RA serum. Arthritis was induced in female Lewis rats by(More)
Here, we report cloning of cyanobacterial genes encoding pteridine glycosyltransferases that catalyze glucosyl or xylosyl transfer from UDP-sugars to tetrahydrobiopterin. The genes were cloned by PCR amplification from genomic DNA which was isolated from culture and environmental samples and overexpressed in Escherichia coli for an in vitro activity assay.
Glucose effects on the vegetative growth of Dictyostelium discoideum Ax2 were studied by examining oxidative stress and tetrahydropteridine synthesis in cells cultured with different concentrations (0.5X, 7.7 g L(-1); 1X, 15.4 g L(-1); 2X, 30.8 g L(-1)) of glucose. The growth rate was optimal in 1X cells (cells grown in 1X glucose) but was impaired(More)