Hye Kyoung Hong

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BACKGROUND The slit-diaphragm protein nephrin is an essential component of the glomerular filtration barrier. It is not clear whether renal injury in patients with acquired proteinuric diseases is associated with altered regulation of the nephrin gene or protein. METHODS We examined expression patterns of nephrin protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) in renal(More)
BACKGROUND Although the pathogenetic relevance of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) to glomerulosclerosis is well established, it is not known whether a signal transduction cascade of TGF-beta is involved in the development of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), nor is it clear how TGF-beta 1 is activated during the course of FSGS formation.(More)
PURPOSE To identify plasma protein biomarkers for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using a large-scale quantitative proteomic discovery procedure. METHODS Plasma proteomes from 20 exudative AMD patients and 20 healthy control patients were comparatively profiled by four-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Proteins(More)
BACKGROUND Podocyte injury may induce podocyte proliferation, which results in glomerular scarring. The cellular lesion, seen in some patients with primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), is characterized by proliferation of cells covering the sclerotic or collapsed glomerular tufts. Cell-cycle mechanisms by which podocyte proliferation occurs in(More)
BACKGROUND Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) receptor complex and its downstream Smad signaling intermediates constitute an extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation pathway. METHODS In the present study, we examined whether decreased expression of the TGF-beta type II receptor (TGF-betaIIR) in TGF-betaIIR gene heterozygous (TGF-betaIIR+/-) (HT)(More)
Alteration of retinal angiogenesis during development leads to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm infants, which is a leading cause of visual impairment in children. A number of clinical studies have reported higher rates of ROP in infants who had perinatal infections or inflammation, suggesting that exposure of the developing retina to(More)
BACKGROUND Lipid abnormalities and oxidative stress may be involved in the development of glomerulosclerosis. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is a component of extracellular matrix (ECM) and target gene of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). Smad proteins play a key role in TGF-beta signaling, and Smad binding CAGA boxes are present in the(More)
Amadori-modified glycated albumin stimulates extracellular matrix and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) expression in cultured mesangial cells. Smad proteins transduce the TGF-beta-mediated signal, and Smad-binding CAGA sequences are present in the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) promoter. This study examined whether glycated albumin(More)
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) stimulates plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) expression in human mesangial cells mediated by transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)/Smad signaling pathway. TGF-beta activates extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in mesangial cells, and ERK is involved in activation of Smad2/3. This study examines(More)
Lipid abnormalities and activation of the local renin-angiotensin system (RAS) may be involved in the pathogenesis of chronic glomerular disease. This study investigated whether low-density lipoprotein (LDL) activates local RAS in cultured human mesangial cells (HMC) and, at the same time, whether ANG II mediates LDL-induced mesangial cell proliferation,(More)