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The interplay between the innate immune system and inflammatory bone destruction in the joints of individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains unclear. This study was undertaken to explore the effect of toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) on the expression of RANKL and induction of osteoclastogenic activity. The(More)
To examine whether grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) which is known to act as an antioxidant has therapeutic effect on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice, an animal model of rheumatoid arthritis. Mice were treated with an intraperitoneal injection of GSPE (10, 50, or 100 mg/kg) or saline. Clinical, histological, and biochemical parameters(More)
The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical significance of the ratio between interleukin-17 (IL-17) secreting cell and FOXP3-positive regulatory T cell (FOXP3(+) Treg) infiltration in renal allograft tissues with acute T-cell-mediated rejection (ATCMR). Fifty-six patients with biopsy-proven ATCMR were included. Infiltration of FOXP3(+) Treg and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the impact of STA-21, a promising STAT-3 inhibitor, on the development and progression of inflammatory arthritis and to determine the possible mechanisms by which STA-21 has antiarthritic effects in interleukin-1 receptor antagonist-knockout (IL-1Ra-KO) mice, an animal model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS IL-1Ra-KO mice(More)
INTRODUCTION The study was undertaken to investigate the interrelation of toll-like receptor (TLR) and interleukin (IL)-17 in the salivary glands of patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) and to determine the role of TLR and IL-17 in the pathophysiology of pSS. METHODS The expressions of various TLRs, IL-17 and the cytokines involved in Th17 cell(More)
Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is a potent proinflammatory and immunoregulatory cytokine playing an important role in the progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the signaling network of IL-1β in synoviocytes from RA patients is still poorly understood. Here, we show for the first time that phospholipase D1 (PLD1), but not PLD2, is selectively(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can prevent various autoimmune diseases. We examined the therapeutic potential of transforming growth factor β (TGFβ)-transduced MSCs in experimental autoimmune arthritis, using an accepted animal model of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). METHODS DBA/1J mice with CIA were treated with syngeneic(More)
IL-23, a clinically novel cytokine, targets CD4(+) T cells. Recent IL-1Ra(-/-) mouse studies have demonstrated that IL-23 indirectly stimulates the differentiation of osteoclast precursors by enhancing IL-17 release from CD4(+) T cells. IL-17, in turn, stimulates osteoclastogenesis in osteoclast precursor cells. In this study, we found that IL-23(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS This study was undertaken to identify the intracellular signaling pathway involved in induction of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in human rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial fibroblasts. METHODS Human RA synovial fibroblasts were treated with concanavalin A (ConA), various cytokines, and inhibitors of signal transduction(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone destruction is a critical pathology involved in the functional disability caused by rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Osteoclasts, which are specialized bone-resorbing cells regulated by cytokines such as RANKL, are implicated in bone destruction in RA. The aim of this study was to determine whether interleukin-21 (IL-21), a potent immunomodulatory(More)