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Xeroderma pigmentosum-variant (XP-V) patients have sun sensitivity and increased skin cancer risk. Their cells have normal nucleotide excision repair, but have defects in the POLH gene encoding an error-prone polymerase, DNA polymerase eta (pol eta). To survey the molecular basis of XP-V worldwide, we measured pol eta protein in skin fibroblasts from(More)
BACKGROUND High cost, poor compliance, and systemic toxicity have limited the use of pentavalent antimony compounds (SbV), the treatment of choice for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). Paromomycin (PR) has been developed as an alternative to SbV, but existing data are conflicting. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We searched PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Central(More)
Type VII collagen is a major component of the anchoring fibrils of the dermal-epidermal adhesion on the dermal side at the lamina densa/papillary dermis interface. Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) emerged as a candidate for type VII collagen mutations becausing anchoring fibrils were shown to be morphologically altered, reduced in number, or(More)
Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic, relapsing, multisystem disorder, characterized by recurrent oral ulcer, genital ulcers, eye lesion, and skin lesion. The underlying pathology is nonspecific vasculitis of all vessel sizes, and severe vasculitis can result in fistula formation of neighboring tissues due to a necrotic process. Herein, eleven cases of BD(More)
The pharmacokinetics (including distribution in the gastrointestinal tract) of 7-carboxymethyloxy-3',4',5-trimethoxy flavone (DA-6034) has been investigated in several mouse and rat models of chemically-induced inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In the female ICR mouse model, IBD was induced by dextran sulfate and the mice administered 30 mg kg(-1) DA-6034(More)
The pharmacokinetics of DA-6034 in rats and dogs and first-pass effect in rats were examined. After intravenous administration, the dose-normalized AUC(0-infinity) values at 25 and 50mg/kg were significantly smaller than that at 10mg/kg. This could be due to significantly slower Cl(r) values than that at 10mg/kg, possibly due to saturated renal secretion at(More)
Scutellariae Radix, the dried root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, has been widely used in Asian countries for the treatment of dermatitis, diarrhoea, inflammatory disease and hepatic disease. A simple, sensitive and precise reversed-phase liquid chromatographic method with isocratic elution was developed to simultaneously determine four bioactive(More)
In order to find out what types of the hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozymes are involved in the metabolism of ipriflavone, ipriflavone at a dose of 20 mg kg(-1) (or 15 mg kg(-1)) was infused in male Sprague-Dawley rats. In rats pretreated with SKF 525-A (a non-specific CYP isozyme inhibitor in rats), the total body clearance (CL) of ipriflavone(More)
The use of tissue engineering to repair large osteochondral defects has been impeded by the limited regenerative capacity of cartilage. Herein, we describe the local release of bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP-7) to stimulate the bone marrow-derived progenitors to repair osteochondral defects. BMP-7-releasing poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) matrix(More)