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BACKGROUND High cost, poor compliance, and systemic toxicity have limited the use of pentavalent antimony compounds (SbV), the treatment of choice for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). Paromomycin (PR) has been developed as an alternative to SbV, but existing data are conflicting. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We searched PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Central(More)
Type VII collagen is a major component of the anchoring fibrils of the dermal-epidermal adhesion on the dermal side at the lamina densa/papillary dermis interface. Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) emerged as a candidate for type VII collagen mutations becausing anchoring fibrils were shown to be morphologically altered, reduced in number, or(More)
Xeroderma pigmentosum-variant (XP-V) patients have sun sensitivity and increased skin cancer risk. Their cells have normal nucleotide excision repair, but have defects in the POLH gene encoding an error-prone polymerase, DNA polymerase eta (pol eta). To survey the molecular basis of XP-V worldwide, we measured pol eta protein in skin fibroblasts from(More)
Synthesis of novel amides and esters prodrugs of olmesartan is described. Their in vitro stability in rat plasma was tested. The results showed that the ester derivative IIa with n-octyl substituted dioxolone moiety was rapidly converted into olmesartan within 30 min. The pharmacokinetic parameters of IIa were studied and compared with those of olmesartan(More)
The use of tissue engineering to repair large osteochondral defects has been impeded by the limited regenerative capacity of cartilage. Herein, we describe the local release of bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP-7) to stimulate the bone marrow-derived progenitors to repair osteochondral defects. BMP-7-releasing poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) matrix(More)
BACKGROUND A variety of treatment modalities have been used to reduce the size of enlarged facial pores without obvious success. OBJECTIVES To assess and compare the effects of various parameters of a 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser in the treatment of enlarged facial pores. METHODS This was a prospective intra-individual left-right comparative study. A total of(More)
Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide. Although the mechanism of the development of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is not fully understood, elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is considered the most important risk factor. Several vascular factors have also been identified as risk factors and can lead to hypoperfusion of the optic(More)
Scutellariae Radix, the dried root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, has been widely used in Asian countries for the treatment of dermatitis, diarrhoea, inflammatory disease and hepatic disease. A simple, sensitive and precise reversed-phase liquid chromatographic method with isocratic elution was developed to simultaneously determine four bioactive(More)
In order to find out what types of the hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozymes are involved in the metabolism of ipriflavone, ipriflavone at a dose of 20 mg kg(-1) (or 15 mg kg(-1)) was infused in male Sprague-Dawley rats. In rats pretreated with SKF 525-A (a non-specific CYP isozyme inhibitor in rats), the total body clearance (CL) of ipriflavone(More)