Hye-Eun Han

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Microglia play a role in maintaining and resolving brain tissue homeostasis. In pathological conditions, microglia release pro-inflammatory cytokines and cytotoxic factors, which aggravate the progression of neurodegenerative diseases. Autophagy pathway might be involved in the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and cytotoxic factors in microglia,(More)
BACKGROUND The nuclear inclusion a (NIa) protease of turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) is responsible for the processing of the viral polyprotein into functional proteins. NIa was previously shown to possess a relatively strict substrate specificity with a preference for Val-Xaa-His-Gln↓, with the scissile bond located after Gln. The presence of the same consensus(More)
BACKGROUND Polyglutamine (polyQ)-induced protein aggregation is the hallmark of a group of neurodegenerative diseases, including Huntington's disease. We hypothesized that a protease that could cleave polyQ stretches would intervene in the initial events leading to pathogenesis in these diseases. To prove this concept, we aimed to generate a protease(More)
By using an improved genetic screening system, variants of the HAV 3CP protease which exhibit altered P2 specificity were obtained. We randomly mutated the His145, Lys146, Lys147, and Leu155 residues that constitute the S2 pocket of 3CP and then isolated variants that preferred substrates with Gln over the original Thr at the P2 position using a yeast-based(More)
The plant viral protease, NIa, has a strict substrate specificity for the consensus sequence of Val-Xaa-His-Gln, with a scissoring property after Gln. We recently reported that NIa efficiently cleaved the amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide, which contains the sequence Val-His-His-Gln in the vicinity of the cleavage site by α-secretase, and that the expression of NIa(More)
Nuclear inclusion a (NIa) of turnip mosaic virus is a cytosolic protease that cleaves amyloid β (Aβ) when heterologously overexpressed. Lentivirus-mediated expression of NIa in the brains of APP(sw)/PS1 mice significantly reduces cerebral Aβ levels and plaque depositions, and improves behavioral deficits. Here, the effects of NIa and neprilysin (NEP), a(More)
Engineering of secreted protease variants exhibiting altered substrate specificity is a challenging task because effective screening methods for the desired property are not available yet. In this study, we sought to obtain variants of Kex2, a yeast Golgi protease, which exhibit altered P2 specificity. We first randomly mutated three Asp residues (D176,(More)
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