Hyang Mi Moon

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Liver X receptors (LXRs) are nuclear hormone receptors that regulate cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism in liver tissue and in macrophages. Although LXR activation enhances lipogenesis, it is not well understood whether LXRs are involved in adipocyte differentiation. Here, we show that LXR activation stimulated the execution of adipogenesis, as(More)
Coordinated migration of newly born neurons to their prospective target laminae is a prerequisite for neural circuit assembly in the developing brain. The evolutionarily conserved LIS1/NDEL1 complex is essential for neuronal migration in the mammalian cerebral cortex. The cytoplasmic nature of LIS1 and NDEL1 proteins suggest that they regulate neuronal(More)
Adiponectin is exclusively expressed in differentiated adipocytes and plays an important role in regulating energy homeostasis, including the glucose and lipid metabolism associated with increased insulin sensitivity. However, the control of adiponectin gene expression in adipocytes is poorly understood. We show here that levels of adiponectin mRNA and(More)
During neocortical development, the extensive migratory movements of neurons from their place of birth to their final location are essential for the coordinated wiring of synaptic circuits and proper neurological function. Failure or delay in neuronal migration causes severe abnormalities in cortical layering, which consequently results in human(More)
Heterozygous LIS1 mutations are responsible for the human neuronal migration disorder lissencephaly. Mitotic functions of LIS1 have been suggested from many organisms throughout evolution. However, the cellular functions of LIS1 at distinct intracellular compartments such as the centrosome and the cell cortex have not been well defined especially during(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an important cause of chronic liver disease and is complicated by hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Mechanisms whereby the virus promotes cellular transformation are poorly understood. We hypothesized that the guanosine triphosphatase activity encoded in the HCV NS4B protein's nucleotide binding motif (NBM) might play a(More)
An active fragment was identified from tenecin 1, an antibacterial protein belonging to the insect defensin family, by synthesizing the peptides corresponding to the three regions of tenecin 1. Only the fragment corresponding to the C-terminal beta-sheet domain showed activity against fungi as well as Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, whereas(More)
The structure of an active analog of the antibacterial peptide gaegurin was investigated by CD and NMR spectroscopy. The NOE connectivities showed that 21 out of 24 residues formed an a-helix despite the presence of a central proline. CD and NMR analysis indicates that the helix is in fast equilibrium with random coil. From chemical shift analysis of the(More)
Gaegurins, a family of peptide antibiotics with sizes ranging from 24 to 37 amino acids, have recently been purified from Rana rugosa skin (Park, J.M., Jung, J.-E. and Lee, B.J. (1994) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 205, 948-954). Two complete cDNAs encoding gaegurins 4 and 5 were isolated from a library constructed with the frog skin mRNAs. Each clone(More)
Novel combinatorial libraries consisting of simplified amino acid sequences were designed to screen for peptides active against the Candida albicans membrane. A novel decapeptide, KKVVFKVKFK, that had a unique primary amino acid sequence was identified in this work. This peptide irreversibly inhibited the growth of C. albicans and showed a broad range of(More)