Hyae Gyeong Cheon

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Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) activation has been a new approach to cancer therapy. In the present study, we investigated the effects of two structurally different PPARgamma agonists, rosiglitazone and KR-62980 on MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Both agonists inhibited the cell proliferation and colony formation via apoptosis. PTEN(More)
OBJECTIVE Imatinib has been reported to induce regression of type 2 diabetes in chronic leukemia patients. However, the mechanism of diabetes amelioration by imatinib is unknown, and it is uncertain whether imatinib has effects on type 2 diabetes itself without other confounding diseases like leukemia. We studied the effect of imatinib on diabetes in db/db(More)
The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is the target for the anti-diabetic drugs including thiazolidinediones. We report here the identification and characterization of a novel PPARgamma agonist KR-62980. KR-62980 acted as a selective PPARgamma agonist in transactivation assay with an EC50 of 15 nM. In fully(More)
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs), synthetic ligands of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma, are known to decrease hepatic glucose production and increase glycogen synthesis in diabetic animals. Recently it was reported that glucokinase (GK) expression was increased by TZDs in the liver of diabetic ZDF rats. However, the mechanism whereby TZDs(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) activation has anti-angiogenic and apoptotic effects in endothelial cells. Here, we investigated the mechanisms of the anti-angiogenic action of a novel PPARγ ligand, KR-62980. KR-62980 inhibited in vitro basal tube formation and in vivo neovascularization in mice induced by Matrigel containing vascular(More)
Roflumilast, a potent and selective phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor, has been demonstrated to be an effective anti-inflammatory agent in airway inflammatory diseases. In the present study, we investigated the mechanism of anti-inflammatory effects of roflumilast in murine macrophage cell line RAW264.7 cells. Roflumilast inhibited NO, tumor necrosis(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma ligands have been shown to inhibit human lung cancers by inducing apoptosis and differentiation. In the present study, we elucidated the apoptotic mechanism of PPARgamma activation in human lung cancers by using a novel PPARgamma agonist,(More)
5-Lipoxygenase (5-LO) is the key enzyme involved in leukotriene synthesis and its improper regulation is implicated in several inflammatory diseases. A rapid and sensitive assay for 5-LO activity suitable for high-throughput format is not yet available. In this study, we examined whether the ferrous oxidation-xylenol orange (FOX) assay could be applicable(More)
Objectives: Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an enzyme that degrades heme into biliverdin, free iron, and carbon monoxide (CO). This enzyme is known to have cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we investigated whether roflumilast, a newly developed specific phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor, mediates some of its anti-inflammatory(More)
The mechanism of FFA-induced insulin resistance is not fully understood. We have searched for effector molecules(s) in FFA-induced insulin resistance. Palmitic acid (PA) but not oleic acid (OA) induced insulin resistance in L6 myotubes through C-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) Ser307 phosphorylation. Inhibitors of(More)