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Using a recently developed generalized Weyl formalism, we construct an asymptotically flat, static vacuum Einstein solution that describes a superposition of multiple five-dimensional Schwarzschild black holes. The spacetime exhibits a U(1) × U(1) rotational symmetry. It is argued that for certain choices of parameters, the black holes are collinear and so(More)
In spite of a large body of histochemical evidence for a cholinergic system in the cerebellum, particularly in lobules IX and X, the physiological role of such a system has remained obscure. In view of the important role of these same lobules in the control of the vestibulo-ocular (VOR) and optokinetic (OKR) responses, we tested the effect of(More)
Previous experiments show that altered visual feedback can change VOR gain. Such changes also presumably occur when eyeglasses are donned and doffed, or when bifocals are worn. In these cases, a nonvisual cue accompanies the required gain adjustment (frames on/off for eyeglasses, looking up/down for bifocals). We set out to show that a subject can establish(More)
1. Three-dimensional rotations of both eyes were measured in alert rabbits during optokinetic stimulation about axes lying in the horizontal plane or about an earth-vertical axis, with either one or both eyes viewing the stimulus. Optokinetic stimulus speed was 2 degrees /s, either continuous or alternating in polarity (triangular stimulus). In addition to(More)
We investigated the influence of static head orientation and position, relative to the axis of body rotation, upon vestibular adaptation. With the head centered, displaced anterior to the axis of body rotation, or tilted 40 degrees to 45 degrees in roll or pitch, the gain of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) was trained (to go either up or down) for one(More)
1. In the alert, pigmented rabbit, eye movements were recorded during optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) and during optokinetic after nystagmus (OKAN). These responses were elicited by steps in surround-velocity ranging from 5-110 degrees/s during binocular as well as monocular viewing. 2. In the baseline condition, OKN showed an approximately linear build-up of(More)
The vestibular nuclear input into the flocculus and the uvula and nodulus of the caudal vermis was studied in rabbits by means of retrograde transport of the fluorescent tracers Fast Blue and Diamidino Yellow. Through simultaneous injection of the tracers in the homonymous lobules at either side of the midline, the distribution, the preference in laterality(More)